• Wish list
  • Choose your store
    All countries
  • 0

Thomann's Cool Online Guides: Large Diaphragm Microphones

7. Directional Patterns

(Fixed) Cardioid Pattern

Large diaphragm condensers can either have one fixed directional pattern or they can be multipattern microphones. LDs with a fixed pattern almost always have a cardioid shaped pick-up pattern. Some have a slightly narrower or wider pattern such as hypercardioid or wide cardioid. Fixed omni LD condensers are very rare and mainly geared toward orchestral recordings.

In pop music, cardioid is by far the most widely used pick-up pattern. Cardioid mics pick up sources in front (“on axis”) of them louder than sound coming from the sides (“off axis”). Sound from the rear (180 degrees off the recording axis) is rejected the most. That’s exactly what we need for a punchy pop sound. We get a lot of direct signal and only a small amount of room reflections. You can also use the cardioid pattern to suppress unwanted sound, computer noise, for instance. Just position the mic so the rear faces your computer or whatever noise source.

Multipattern

Even though cardioid is the best pattern for about 80 percent of studio applications, other patterns do get their use. A multipattern LD condenser lets you dial in any pattern at the flip of a switch. Very cool!

Omni – Omnidirectional pattern means, sound is picked up equally loud from all sides. Omni pattern is excellent for recording choirs and vocal groups. Just gather the singers around the mic. Make loud singer step back a little and move soft singers a little closer to the mic. Omni pattern gives a very natural sound that also makes for great recordings of acoustic instruments.

Figure-of-eight Figure 8 means the microphone is sensitive to front and back but rejects sound from the sides. You can use the figure 8 pattern for recording two singers simultaneously. Oftentimes, such a performance sounds more engaging than recording the singers separately. But figure 8 also comes in handy for recording just one singer. Figure 8 produces a very strong proximity effect, i.e. the bass becomes very fat and prominent when you sing up close. Figure 8, thus, is ideal for recording small-chested singers. It makes them sound big and powerful.

Figure 8 is also needed for recording in M/S-Stereo technique. The mid microphone, that faces the source directly, can have any pattern (usually cardioid), but the sides microphone that is positioned in a right angle to the M-microphone and faces the sides (hence the name), must be figure 8. Mid/side signals have to be decoded into a normal left/right signal using an M/S matrix. Some newer microphone preamps include such a matrix, but there are also software decoders. One of the great things about M/S technique is that it produces stereo recordings that are fully mono compatible.

But there’s yet another use for multipattern condensers. You can use the pattern switch as a kind of natural equaliser, especially when working with vocalists. On most multipattern mics, the sound changes quite dramatically as you go through the various patterns. Omni usually sounds bright, cardioid more balanced, and figure 8 sounds fat and dark. Many multipattern mics have in between positions, which allow you to tweak the sound to taste.

Your Contact People
Phone: +49-9546-9223-30
FAX: +49-9546-922328
Get Your Free Copy of our Hot Deals Catalogue!

More than 7.900.000 musicians are avid readers of Thomann's Hot Deals catalogue. Get your free copy now! More than 500 current offers!

Hot Deals
Question!
Question! Give the right answer and win 1x Phonic PCL2700 worth 75 €.
What type of noise problem is associated exclusively with digital audio signals?
Conditions of participation
Terms and Conditions for participation
in online competitions

Note: Participation in an online competition runs independently from any purchase at Thomann GmbH. The following Competition Rules apply when participating in any online competition run by Musikhaus Thomann:

  1. Competition

    1. The competitions are organised by Thomann GmbH, CEO: Hans Thomann, Hans-Thomann-Straße 1, 96138 Burgebrach, Germany.
  2. Participation

    1. Competitions are only open to persons of full age.
    2. To take part in the competition you must answer all questions correctly, fill in the registration form and submit your entry to Thomann GmbH by pressing the "send" button.
      By pressing the "send" button the participant accepts the aforementioned terms and conditions.
    3. The participant is responsible for entering their email and/or postal address correctly. Entries to the competition will be logged electronically.
  3. Qualifying Entrants

    1. Staff of Thomann GmbH and any cooperation partners and their dependants are excluded from participation.
    2. Should these conditions of participation be violated, especially by using illegitimate means, Thomann GmbH reserves the right to exclude persons from the competition. In case of such violations prizes can be withdrawn and claimed back subsequently.
  4. Announcing the winner

    1. The winners will be notified by Thomann GmbH by email or in writing and their names may be published on the homepage www.thomann.de. The winner accepts this form of publication explicitly.
      Should for whatever reason the winner not claim their prize, then a new winner will be drawn.
    2. The prize presented to the winner may not be identical to the item description. There can be deviances regarding the model, colour etc.
    3. The merchandise prizes will be sent by Thomann GmbH or by one of its contracting delivery companies, per freight forwarder, courier or postal service to the postal address indicated by the winner.

      The delivery is free of charge. Only extra transport costs and customs/duties must be covered by the winner. In the case that the delivery has to be made through a freight forwarding company the freight forwarding company will contact the winner to arrange delivery timings.
    4. An exchange, cash alternative or replacement prize is not possible.
    5. The claim to the prize or replacement of the prize cannot be assigned to a third party.
  5. Data protection

    1. The participant accepts explicitly that Thomann GmbH saves all necessary data for the duration of the competition and forwards them exclusively for purposes related to the winning process to the respective cooperation partner, who is also permitted to save the personal data only for the duration of the competition. The participant is free to withdraw his entry at any time. Please direct the withdrawal to:

      Thomann GmbH
      to the data protection officer
      Hans-Thomann-Straße 1
      96138 Burgebrach, Germany
    2. Thomann GmbH is obliged to consider the regulations for data protection according to the Federal Data Protection Law (BDSG) valid at the conclusion of the competition. In this context the general data protection regulations under notes regarding data protection should be noted.
  6. Liability

    1. Thomann GmbH will be released from any obligations by handing out the prize.
    2. Thomann GmbH is not liable for the insolvency of a cooperation partner and the resulting consequences for the implementation and processing of the competition.
  7. Other

    1. Legal proceedings are barred.
    2. The law of the Federal Republic of Germany applies exclusively.
One of our Fan
I would like to thank you for your professional great after sales service. I will highly recommend you.
joeygxxxsartist@gxxx.com, 01.02.2017

Large Diaphragm Microphones overview

(14)
(1)
(3)
(1)
(1)
(2)
Feedback

Found an error or want to give us feedback about this page?

We're looking forward to hearing from you and aim to solve any problems as soon as we can.

cancel