5. Differences between Alto Horns and Euphoniums
In comparison to the pairing of tenor horn and baritone horn, for example, the similarities between the alto horn and the euphonium are not as many. The tendency of alto horn players to switch to the euphonium or vice versa is rather low. Still, the instruments are often presented in comparison to illustrate shared and distinguishing characteristics.
Alto horn vs Euphonium:
For the lovers of figures and tables among you
|Number of Perinet valves||3 (exception: 4)||4 & 5 (front action/in-line)|
|Bore||11 mm||15 mm (runniung up to 16.2mm)|
|Comparative pitch||between trumpet and tenor horn|| |
deeper than the turmpet, higher than the tuba by an octave each
|Bell||about 18 cm||about 28 cm|
|Overall sound||overall a little higher||full and supple in the lower ranges|
|Construction||straight||straight, rarely featuring a front bell|
Does any such thing as a beginner model even exist?
It is difficult to list characteristics of beginner models with the alto horn, since the range of different models of tuba-shaped alto horns is limited. Generally, alto horns are often given to younger students to prepare them for the larger horns and tubas thanks to their more manageable size.
The euphonium differs in this respect. Apart from the option of increasing the number of valves, customers can also choose models made from more valuable materials. Thus, the euphonium offers better options of choosing an instrument appropriate to the player's abilities, for example by switching from a brass instrument to one made from gold brass, or by choosing a model with more valves.
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