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Thomann's Cool Online Guides: Large Diaphragm Microphones

8. Extras & Accesories

Pad

Many large
DiaphragmIn a microphone the diaphragm is a thin membrane up to 1" in diameter that converts sound waves into electrical current. A loudspeaker diaphragm does exactly the reverse.
diaphragm
condensers have a switch to reduce the sound level right behind the
CapsuleThe part of a microphone containing the diaphragm which moves or vibrates in response to sound waves.
capsule
, so very loud sources won’t overload the internal
AmplifierA device for increasing the power of a signal by taking power from a supply and shaping the output to match the input signal.
amplifier
electronics or your
MicrophoneA device which converts airborne sound into an electrical signal.
microphone
PreampAn amplifier device or circuit that provides initial amplification of a weak electronic signal, usually to 'line' level, in order for it to be processed or passed between other devices, as opposed to a power amp which amplifies a signal in order to drive loudspeakers. Examples include microphone preamps (as dedicated hardware and in mixing desks/recording interfaces) and guitar preamps. Most guitar amps combine the preamp and power amp in the same unit.
preamp
. In other words, a
Pad1) An attenuation switch found on many microphones and mixing desks, allowing a signal to be attenuated by one or more fixed amounts, such as -10 or -20dB. 2) A soft, sustained sound used in arranging or sequencing as an unobtrusive harmonic backdrop. This may be a synth sound or a natural sound, typically strings.
pad
switch gives you higher maximum
SPLSound Pressure Level: acoustic sound volume, measured in decibels (dB).
SPL
handling. However, you should engage the
Pad1) An attenuation switch found on many microphones and mixing desks, allowing a signal to be attenuated by one or more fixed amounts, such as -10 or -20dB. 2) A soft, sustained sound used in arranging or sequencing as an unobtrusive harmonic backdrop. This may be a synth sound or a natural sound, typically strings.
pad
only for very loud sources. On low level sources an unnecessary
Pad1) An attenuation switch found on many microphones and mixing desks, allowing a signal to be attenuated by one or more fixed amounts, such as -10 or -20dB. 2) A soft, sustained sound used in arranging or sequencing as an unobtrusive harmonic backdrop. This may be a synth sound or a natural sound, typically strings.
pad
decreases the
DistortionIn most cases distortion is an undesirable alteration to a signal which occurs when a piece of equipment is driven with a input level that is too high for its operating level. Sometimes, as in the case of guitar distortion, this can be an intentional and desirable effect.
noise
performance.

Pad

Low
CutTo make a break or split in a piece of audio. Traditionally this was done with a razor blade where magnetic tape was physically cut.
Cut
(Hi Pass)

A low
CutTo make a break or split in a piece of audio. Traditionally this was done with a razor blade where magnetic tape was physically cut.
cut
switch is a nice extra feature (hi pass is just a different name for the same thing). It helps you to reduce
RumbleAn undesirable, continuous low frequency noise, usually thought of as being below 50Hz, and commonly originating from air conditioning, traffic noise and other ambient sounds. This can often be a hazard when recording quieter sources such as dialogue on location, and has to be resolved using high pass filters or at the mixing stage with plug-in software designed to eliminate broadband noise.
rumble
, and you can also use it to compensate for the proximity effect. That’s a
BassThe lowest part of the audio frequency range; in popular music, a (generally) rhythmic, low frequency melodic line emphasising the root notes of the chord progression.
bass
BoostIn audio mixing this refers to increasing the gain or amplitude of an audio signal. Usually employed in equalisation.
boost
that happens when the sound source is very close to the
MicrophoneA device which converts airborne sound into an electrical signal.
mic
. You may have noticed that some radio announcers have very full and sonorous voices – that’s because they talk close to the
MicrophoneA device which converts airborne sound into an electrical signal.
microphone
.
BassThe lowest part of the audio frequency range; in popular music, a (generally) rhythmic, low frequency melodic line emphasising the root notes of the chord progression.
Bass
frequencies are boosted due to the proximity effect. Sometimes this low frequency
BoostIn audio mixing this refers to increasing the gain or amplitude of an audio signal. Usually employed in equalisation.
boost
can be a
BitA binary digit – a “one” or a “zero”.
bit
too thick and gets in the way of
BassThe lowest part of the audio frequency range; in popular music, a (generally) rhythmic, low frequency melodic line emphasising the root notes of the chord progression.
bass
instruments. By engaging the low
CutTo make a break or split in a piece of audio. Traditionally this was done with a razor blade where magnetic tape was physically cut.
cut
switch you get a more natural sound when close miking.

Low Cut

Elastic Suspension / Shock Mount

Even though you can reduce
RumbleAn undesirable, continuous low frequency noise, usually thought of as being below 50Hz, and commonly originating from air conditioning, traffic noise and other ambient sounds. This can often be a hazard when recording quieter sources such as dialogue on location, and has to be resolved using high pass filters or at the mixing stage with plug-in software designed to eliminate broadband noise.
rumble
by engaging the low
CutTo make a break or split in a piece of audio. Traditionally this was done with a razor blade where magnetic tape was physically cut.
cut
FilterA circuit used to remove or accentuate frequencies in a sound source. Common types are found on mixing consoles equalisation, synthesizers and dedicated processors such as graphic equalisers.
filter
, it’s better, of course, to eliminate
RumbleAn undesirable, continuous low frequency noise, usually thought of as being below 50Hz, and commonly originating from air conditioning, traffic noise and other ambient sounds. This can often be a hazard when recording quieter sources such as dialogue on location, and has to be resolved using high pass filters or at the mixing stage with plug-in software designed to eliminate broadband noise.
rumble
before it even
Hit1) A successful recording. 2) A single sampled percussive sound, as opposed to a loop.
hits
the
MicrophoneA device which converts airborne sound into an electrical signal.
microphone
. An elastic suspension or shock mount, sometimes called “spider” shock mount, does just that: it de-couples the
MicrophoneA device which converts airborne sound into an electrical signal.
microphone
from its stand. Large
DiaphragmIn a microphone the diaphragm is a thin membrane up to 1" in diameter that converts sound waves into electrical current. A loudspeaker diaphragm does exactly the reverse.
diaphragm
condensers are designed for studio use and are much more susceptible to
RumbleAn undesirable, continuous low frequency noise, usually thought of as being below 50Hz, and commonly originating from air conditioning, traffic noise and other ambient sounds. This can often be a hazard when recording quieter sources such as dialogue on location, and has to be resolved using high pass filters or at the mixing stage with plug-in software designed to eliminate broadband noise.
rumble
and mechanical vibrations. A shock mount makes sure you get a clean recording even if, say, the singer inadvertently touches the
MicrophoneA device which converts airborne sound into an electrical signal.
mic
stand or jumps up and down while performing. A shock mount can spare you a lot of trouble and is a very useful accessory. Many large
DiaphragmIn a microphone the diaphragm is a thin membrane up to 1" in diameter that converts sound waves into electrical current. A loudspeaker diaphragm does exactly the reverse.
diaphragm
condensers come with a shock mount included. Usually that’s cheaper than buying it separately.

Elastic Suspension / Shock Mount

Wind Screen

Some LD condensers come with a large foam wind screen. As the name suggests, a wind screen is meant for outdoor use. A foam wind screen is also useful for miking kick drum. Apart from loud
BassThe lowest part of the audio frequency range; in popular music, a (generally) rhythmic, low frequency melodic line emphasising the root notes of the chord progression.
bass
frequencies, the kick also produces an
AIRSome artists and producers believe that AIR - Always In Record - is a valuable technique, because it can capture moments of musical magic that may otherwise go unrecorded. It simply means that the tape or hard drive never stops running during a session.
air
blast. Condenser mics don’t like
AIRSome artists and producers believe that AIR - Always In Record - is a valuable technique, because it can capture moments of musical magic that may otherwise go unrecorded. It simply means that the tape or hard drive never stops running during a session.
air
blasts, and if you place them in front of or inside a kick drum, that
AIRSome artists and producers believe that AIR - Always In Record - is a valuable technique, because it can capture moments of musical magic that may otherwise go unrecorded. It simply means that the tape or hard drive never stops running during a session.
air
blast may stretch the delicate
DiaphragmIn a microphone the diaphragm is a thin membrane up to 1" in diameter that converts sound waves into electrical current. A loudspeaker diaphragm does exactly the reverse.
diaphragm
over time. So if you decide to use a condenser
MicrophoneA device which converts airborne sound into an electrical signal.
mic
on kick drum, better use a wind screen.

Don’t use a wind screen in place of a pop screen when recording singers. Wind screens do reduce
PlosiveA consonant formed by temporarily stopping the flow of air through the mouth, either with the lips or tongue. Plosives in Western languages include 'p', 'b', 't', 'k' and 'm'. In particular, 'p', 'b' and 't' can cause unwanted popping sounds if a singer is placed too close to a microphone without a pop/wind shield.
plosives
(Ps and Bs) somewhat, but they’re neither as effective nor as sonically transparent as a “true” external pop screen. Unfortunately, few LDs come with a pop screen included. A pop screen is a true necessity for recording vocals or spoken word.

MicrophoneA device which converts airborne sound into an electrical signal.
Microphone
Box/Case

Most large
DiaphragmIn a microphone the diaphragm is a thin membrane up to 1" in diameter that converts sound waves into electrical current. A loudspeaker diaphragm does exactly the reverse.
diaphragm
condensers come in a
MicrophoneA device which converts airborne sound into an electrical signal.
microphone
case or a storage box. Cases are more practical, wooden storage boxes look nicer. After recording, you should always put your condenser mics back into their storage boxes/cases to keep them
DryA signal or recording that has no effect applied to it. Effects units often incorporate a control to adjust the mix of dry and 'wet' signals.
dry
, clean, and dustfree.

Microphone Box / Microphone Case
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