Den stora Thomann Online-Rådgivaren: Ribbon Microphones

2. History

Few people know that the ribbon microphone was already invented near the end of the 19th century. And by none other than Werner von Siemens, the same guy who invented the dynamic moving coil mic. Unfortunately, tubes were not invented yet, let alone transistors; and without any means of amplification, both the ribbon and the moving coil dynamic microphone were essentially useless. Sometime in the 1920s Erwin Gerlach produced a ribbon loudspeaker and in 1930, Harry Olson of RCA presented the first usable ribbon microphone.

The ribbon microphone sounded much better than the crystal and coal microphones, which were then in use, and it became an instant success. While Germany preferred the condenser microphone, the rest of the world used ribbon microphones for broadcast, movie sound, and orchestral recordings up until the early 1960s. All the great swing, jazz and early rock & roll recordings were done with ribbon microphones: Big Bands, Hollywood stars such as Bing Crosby or Judy Garland, and Elvis Presley – essentially all pre-Beatles music was recorded using ribbon microphones.

In the 1960s the ribbon was more and more replaced by condenser microphones. People had gotten tired of the smooth crooners of the 50s and were longing for brighter, more modern sounds. Most manufacturers of ribbon microphones either went out of business or concentrated on other branches. RCA, once the ribbon manufacturer quit making microphones altogether. Quite ironically, the only larger microphone manufacturer who continued to produce ribbons and thus preserved the ribbon legacy was a German manufacturer: beyerdynamic. Actually, most of their ribbon mics introduced in the 1960s are still in production after 40 years!

Ever since the emergence of digital audio, there has been a ribbon revival. Suddenly, the smooth, and full, yet pleasantly understated sound of ribbon mics was exactly what engineers needed to fight “digital frigidity.” Since the late 1990 Royer Labs have been a spearhead of modern ribbon mic technology. Other American manufacturers such as AEA began to revive classic ribbon designs. And more recently, Chinese manufacturing has made ribbon microphones available to virtually anyone.

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Ribbon Microphones översikt

Alesis Surge Mesh Kit Adam T5V Subpac M2X Roland R-07 black Yamaha Stagepas 600BT Arturia Minibrute 2 Focal Listen Professional Heritage Audio HA-73 EQ Elite Epiphone Richie Faulkner Flying V Focal Shape Twin Sound Devices MixPre-3 Yamaha Stagepas 400BT
Rekommenderat
Alesis Surge Mesh Kit

E-Drum Set 385 Sounds, 40 kits, 60 songs, Additional input for a fourth tom and a second crash pad, 2 Master outputs 6.3 mm mono jack, Headphone output 3.5 mm stereo jack, Aux input 3.5mm stereo jack, MIDI input...

Till produkter
609 €
(1)
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Adam T5V

Active Nearfield Monitor Equipped with: 5" woofer and 1.9" U-ART ribbon tweeter, 2x Class-D amplifiers: 50W RMS woofer, 20W RMS tweeter, Frequency range: 45 - 25000 Hz, Crossover frequency: 3 kHz, Maximum input level: 106 dB (1m/pair), Rear bass...

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169 €
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Subpac M2X

Subpac M2X, Mobile tactile bass system, SubPac adds real depth, connection and enjoyment to whatever you play through it - your music and media comes to life with the added dimension of physical bass. Frequency Response: 1hz-200hz, Wired Input: 3.5mm...

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399 €
(1)
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Roland R-07 black

Portable MP3 / WAV Recorder with Bluetooth Functionality Stereo recordings up to 24 Bit / 96 kHz in WAV format or up to 396 kbps in MP3 format on microSD / SDHC card, Built-in stereo microphone, Integrated hybrid limiter,...

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229 €
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Yamaha Stagepas 600BT

Mini-PA System with Bluetooth Function Consisting of 2x passive 2-way boxes and 10-channel power mixers, Power mixers and speaker cables can be stored in the boxes for transportation, Successor of the Stagepas 600i, Including 2 speaker cables, each 6...

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798 €
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Arturia Minibrute 2

Arturia Minibrute 2; analog semi-modular Synthesizer; Combination of classic and modular Synthesizer; 25 note Keyboard with Aftertouch; Brute-Oscillator; Steiner-Parker-Filter; additional Loop-Envelope; linear FM; Hardsync; two free assignable LFOs; integrated Step Sequencer; Arpeggiator; 48 point Patchbay; Pitch- and Modulation Wheel; Connections:...

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666 €
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Focal Listen Professional

Headphones Closed, Circumaural, Conversion technology for acoustic transparency and dynamics, Impedance: 32 ohms, Sensitivity (@ 1 kHz - / 1 Vrms): 122 dB SPL, THD (THD, @ 1 kHz / 100 dB SPL): 0.3%, Frequency range: 5 Hz to...

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248 €
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Heritage Audio HA-73 EQ Elite

Heritage Audio HA-73 EQ Elite; 1-Channel Mic-Preamp wit EQ; based on the 1073; hand wound Carnhill Transformers; 3 stage fully discrete class A mic preamp; max. Gain: 80 dB Mic and 50 dB Line; -20 dB Pad; LO-Z switches the...

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945 €
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Epiphone Richie Faulkner Flying V

Electric Guitar Body and neck: Mahogany, Fretboard: Ebony, Neck profile: Thin C, 22 Jumbo frets, Scale: 628 mm, Pickups: Active EMG 57 (bridge) and EMG 66 (neck) humbucker, Floyd Rose 1000, Grover Rotomatic machine heads, Colour: Black, Incl. Deluxe...

Till produkter
935 €
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Focal Shape Twin

Active Near Field Monitor Tweeter with low directivity for flexible listening position, Closed design with two passive membranes for easy installation near the wall, 2.5-Way concept for optimal control of the bass and lower mids, Optimal integration through extensive...

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845 €
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Sound Devices MixPre-3

Sound Devices MixPre-3; portable audio recorder with USB audio interface; 5 tracks: stereo mix + 3 isolated tracks; Kashmir microphone preamp with 76db gain; equivalent Input Noise: 128dBu max (A-weighting, gain=76dB, 150 Ohm source impedance); limiter per channel; low cut...

Till produkter
775 €
Rekommenderat
Yamaha Stagepas 400BT

Mini-PA System Bluetooth Function Consisting of 2x passive 2-way boxes and 8-channel power mixers, Power mixers and speaker cables can be stored in the boxes for transportation, Successor of the Stagepas 400i, Including 2 speaker cables, each 6 m...

Till produkter
555 €
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