Den stora Thomann Online-Rådgivaren: Harmonicas

2. History

Sheng - the sublime voice

The harmonica is a free reed instrument, which means that the reed that makes the sound vibrates freely when you blow or draw. (Draw means suck, but it’s a better word to describe what you have to do, as you will see). In other reed instruments, like clarinets or saxophones, the reed vibrates against a surface. This freedom of movement gives the harmonica some of its unique qualities.One of the earliest known free reed instruments is the sheng, a bamboo device that was played more than 5,000 years ago in China. The name means sublime voice and examples are still played in China and Thailand. But, as far as we know, it was not until the 19th Century that an instrument using free reed principles was made in Europe.

At least nine different people have been credited with inventing the harmonica. Christian Friedrich from Berlin is believed to have pioneered the idea in 1821, but the invention is also often attributed to a young clockmaker named Christian Buschmann. Whoever it was, the idea quickly spread and mundharmonikas, or mouth harps, were soon being made in several European centres. These early instruments were still very different to the harmonicas we know today.

Between 1845 and 1865, the harmonica began to standardize on four distinct types; the Viennese Octave and Tremolo models, the Knittlinger, and the Richter. In 1896, however, the true seed of worldwide success for the harmonica was sown. Matthias Hohner, who had bought a harmonica from a friend of Buschmann, created the Hohner Marine Band, a diatonic harmonica of the Richter type. The Marine Band was to become one of the most important instruments in the history of modern popular music.

Hohner shipped some Marine Bands to the United States, where they became popular among the country musicians in the South. In turn, the newly-emancipated black workers began to explore the musical possibilities of this highly portable, inexpensive instrument. They quickly discovered its ability to cry and wail, and to play the microtones that were part of the African-American musical heritage. It was also the perfect partner for the fiddles and slide guitars that were already being used to make the music that became the blues. By the 1930s, the harmonica was established as a virtuoso instrument among blues players, and the first true harmonica star, John Lee “Sonny Boy” Williamson, was making hit records in Chicago.

Hohner Richter diatonic harmonica

The invention of the chromatic harmonica, took the harmonica into the world of jazz, and even into orchestral concert halls. It allowed every note of the chromatic scale to be played without having to bend notes or change instruments, and Larry Adler became recognised as its finest exponent. Then in the 1960s, the sound of John Lennon’s harmonica on Love Me Do and Please Please Me launched The Beatles to pop superstardom, while Bob Dylan’s plaintive harmonica tones added unique power to songs such as Like A Rolling Stone and Just Like A Woman.

Today, virtuosos like Rod Piazza and Kim Wilson are still expanding the possibilities of the blues harmonica - or blues harp, as it is best known - while Howard Levy has stretched the capabilities of the humble Richter diatonic harp to new levels, with his remarkable overblowing technique. With almost 200 years of history behind it - or 5,000, if you are a sheng player - the harmonica has still got an exciting future. Especially if you start playing...

Din kontaktperson
Tel +49-9546-9223-26
Fax +49-9546-9223-24
Hot Deals Beställ en gratis Hot Deal!

Över 9.150.000 musiker prenumererar redan på Thomann Hot Deals. Börja prenumerera gratis och få tillgång till mer än 400 aktuella erbjudanden!

Harmonicas översikt

Electro Harmonix Oceans 11 Reverb Gibson Les Paul M2 Citron Green Dante AVIO Analog Input Adapter 2x0 C.Giant LP-6210C Black Vic Firth SIH2 Presonus Studio One 4 Pro UG Prof/Prod Steinberg UR-RT2 TritonAudio FetHead Roland TM-6 Pro Drum Trigger Module Marshall Major III Bluetooth Black Fender SQ J.Mascis Jazzmaster 2018 Ampeg Opto Comp Compressor
Rekommenderat
Electro Harmonix Oceans 11 Reverb

Electro Harmonix Oceans 11 Reverb, effects pedal, 11 different reverb types: HALL, SPRING, PLATE, REVRS, ECHO, TREM, MOD, DYNA, AUTO-INF, SHIM and POLY, Tails switch: Select whether the reverb fades out naturally or stops immediately when the pedal is switched...

Till produkter
149 €
Rekommenderat
Gibson Les Paul M2 Citron Green

Electric Guitar Poplar body, Maple neck, Rosewood fretboard (Dalbergia latifolia), Slim Taper neck profile - .800"-. 875", 22 Frets, Pickups: 2 Gibson Pro-Bucker humbuckers, Volume and tone controls, 1 Toggle switch, Chrome hardware, Wraparound bridge, Mini Button machine heads,...

Till produkter
398 €
Rekommenderat
Dante AVIO Analog Input Adapter 2x0

Dante AVIO Analog Input Adapter 2x0; converts analog audio line signals to feed any Dante-connected system; 96 kHz / 24 Bit; fully-functional Dante interface; adjustable signal levels: +24dBu / +4dBu / 0dBu/ 0dBV /-10dBV (through Dante Controller); frequency Response: 20Hz...

Till produkter
169 €
Rekommenderat
C.Giant LP-6210C Black

Keyboard 61 Keys with touch dynamics, 162 Sounds, 200 Rhythms, 61 Percussion effects, 50 Demo songs, Fill-in, sync and rhythms variations, Split function, Chord, Recording, Pitch bend wheel, Microphone input, Line out sockets, Headphone output, Sustain pedal connection, USB...

Till produkter
69 €
(2)
Rekommenderat
Vic Firth SIH2

Vic Firth SIH2 isolation headphones, (reduces overall noise levels by 25 dB). successor of the legendary Vic Firth SIH-1 headphones, features redesigned larger driver in the ear cups that deliver a more powerful low end, cleaner mids and clear highs...

Till produkter
79 €
Rekommenderat
Presonus Studio One 4 Pro UG Prof/Prod

Audio MIDI Sequencer (DAW) (download) Upgrade from Presonus Studio One Professional 1-3 / Producer 2 to Studio One 4 Professional Sleek single-window philosophy, Consistent drag-and-drop functionality throughout, Project page allows integrated mastering with DDP export, Redbook...

Till produkter
146 €
(1)
Rekommenderat
Steinberg UR-RT2

4x 2 USB 2.0 Audio Interface Up to 24-bit/192 kHz, 2 Class-A D-PRE microphone preamps with + 48 V phantom power, Rupert Neve Designs transformer switchable on each front input channel, 2 Analog XLR/jack combo inputs plus 2 line...

Till produkter
325 €
(2)
Rekommenderat
TritonAudio FetHead

TritonAudio FetHead, in-line microphone preamplifier, XLR 3-pole female XLR 3-pole male, ultra low noise Class A JFet amplifier, 27dB amplification (@3 KOhm load), 4 matched JFets, 24-48V Phantom Power required, for Ribbon & Dynamic microphones, shields phantom power from...

Till produkter
69 €
(1)
Rekommenderat
Roland TM-6 Pro Drum Trigger Module

Trigger Module For acoustic drummers who want to extend the sound possibilities of their drums with electronic sounds, 500 one-shot sounds, 268 V-Drum sounds, 80 Drum kits, SDHC card slot for importing your own samples, 6x 6.3 mm stereo...

Till produkter
789 €
Rekommenderat
Marshall Major III Bluetooth Black

Marshall Major III Bluetooth Black stereo headphones, on-ear design, closed back, foldable, Bluetooth® aptX Technology, up to 30 h running time, control knob on headphone, 40 mm moving coil dynamic speaker, newly constructed hinges and headband for a better fitting,...

Till produkter
133 €
Rekommenderat
Fender SQ J.Mascis Jazzmaster 2018

Electric Guitar J.Mascis (Dinosaur Jr.) Artist Model, Body: Basswood, Neck: Maple, Fretboard: Indian Laurel, Neck profile: C, 21 Jumbo frets, Nut width: 42.5 mm, Scale: 648 mm, Pickups: 2 Jazzmaster single coils, Adjusto-Matic bridge with vintage style floating tremolo,...

Till produkter
498 €
Rekommenderat
Ampeg Opto Comp Compressor

Effects pedal Analog bass compressor, Controllers for compression, release and output levels, True bypass, Power supply with 9 V battery or 9 V power supply (both not included, suitable battery available under Art. 132579 , suitable power supply under...

Till produkter
103 €
Feedback Har du hittat ett fel eller vill ge oss feedback om denna sida?

Vi ser fram emot att höra från dig och kommer att lösa eventuella problem så snart vi kan.

Lämna kommentar. Ange din e-postadress.