Poradniki online Thomann: Violas

3. Materials & Components

Body

The top, or ‘belly’ is made of spruce, a timber of plain, straight grain, while the ribs and back are invariably made of maple, often spectacularly figured. The back can be formed from either a single piece of timber, or two joined down the middle. While two-piece backs are a good excuse for further displays of virtuoso joinery, they do not, as is often assumed, signify a finer instrument, but are merely a matter of taste on the part of the maker. Violas by the legendary Stradivarius family can be found with either one or two-piece backs, and they all sell for well in excess of £1,000,000.

Fingerboard

The only other permanent external fixture is the fingerboard, which is made of ebony. Ebony is an extraordinarily heavy, dense timber - drop a piece into water and it will actually sink. The best ebony, after long seasoning in the sun, is a startling blue-black colour, and is used for the fingerboard because it is one of the few woods hard enough to cope with the wear that this part of the instrument is subjected to.

Most of the other parts of the instrument are essentially detachable, though the dismantling of some of them by the novice has the undesirable potential to end in tears! The sort of work that can be undertaken by beginners and students is outlined in the ‘Maintenance & Cleaning’ section below.

Pegs, Tailpiece & Chin Rest

Ebony is also often used for the pegs, the tailpiece, the endpin and the chin rest. While this can lend a degree of visual co-ordination to the completed instrument, other woods can also be used to great effect. Many violas have pegs and tailpieces of maple or rosewood (which despite its name, has nothing to do with roses, but much to do with the fact that certain genera have a distinctively sweet smell), while the somewhat politically incorrect ivory makes an occasional appearance on older, grander instruments.

Bridge

The bridge, despite its small size, has a crucial role to play in what makes a particular viola sound the way it does. Minute differences in the thickness, shaping and exact positioning can have dramatic effects on the voicing of an instrument. Made of a specific type of maple and cut from the timber in a particular way, its design - like many of the more apparently decorative parts of stringed instruments - is the result of years of trial and error on the part of makers, and is largely functional.

Soundpost

Like the bridge, the soundpost needs to be positioned with great care to ensure the instrument sounds its best – a job that should be done by an expert using a special tool designed for the purpose. The tiniest adjustments to its placing have a major effect on the way the instrument speaks and the balance of the four strings. Very roughly, it stands close to the right foot of the bridge to share the tension of the strings between the back and belly of the instrument, and to stop the bridge from crashing through! Remember, if you completely slacken or remove all four strings at the same time, it is very likely (without the considerable pressure of the bridge bearing down on it) that the sound post will fall over. Should this happen, do not, under any circumstances re-tighten the strings – the potential consequences are obvious and repair will be expensive! Instead, take the instrument to a repairer to have the sound post re-fitted - a very much cheaper alternative. The situation is best avoided in the first place by making sure that at least two strings remain taught at all times.

Viola with one piece back
Twój asystent sprzedaży
Tel: +49-9546-9223-370
Fax: +49-9546-9223-24
Fani o nas
Skladalem kilka zamowien i jestem bardzo zadowolony; mam nadzieje, ze tak zostanie :)
John Doe, 26.10.2015

Zestawienie Violas

Yamaha P-125 BK Boss GT-1000 Line6 Power Cab Plus Dante AVIO AES3 IO Adapter 2x2 Dante AVIO USB IO Adapter 2x2 ADJ PRO-ETBS ProEventTable Bag II Reloop RP 4000 MK2 Yamaha L-125 BK Gator iMac 21" Tote Bag Flyht Pro Rack Drawer 19" 3U 28 cm lock Orange OMEC Teleport Marshall Origin 50H Head
(1)
polecane
Yamaha P-125 BK

Stage Piano Graded Hammer Standard Keyboard (GHS) with 88 weighted keys, Pure CF Sound Engine, 24 Tones, Max. Polyphony: 192 votes, Dual, split and duo function, Two-track recording (one song), 20 Rhythms (drums + bass), Intelligent Acoustic Control, 21...

przejdź do produktu
549 €
(2)
polecane
Boss GT-1000

Multi effect pedal 32-bit AD / DA, 32-bit floating-point processor and 96 kHz sampling rate, New BOSS DSP engine, specially developed for audio applications, AIRD (Augmented Impulse Response Dynamics) brings BOSS's Tube Logic concept to a digital guitar processor,...

przejdź do produktu
990 €
(1)
polecane
Line6 Power Cab Plus

Active Modelling Guitar Box With integrated USB audio interface, With 6 loudspeaker simulations (expandable), Equipped with: 1x 12"speaker and 1" compression driver, Power: 250W @ 8Ω, Frequency range: 70 - 20000 Hz, Maximum level: 128 dB @ 1 m,...

przejdź do produktu
745 €
polecane
Dante AVIO AES3 IO Adapter 2x2

Y Adapter Transmits two channels each from AES3 to a Dante network and vice versa, RJ45 Metal plug with built-in LEDs, 1 XLR male output, 1 XLR female input, 96 kHz / 24 bit, Robust housing for day-to-day tasks...

przejdź do produktu
167 €
polecane
Dante AVIO USB IO Adapter 2x2

Dante AVIO USB IO Adapter 2x2; for connecting a computer to a Dante network; perfect for recording or play back a stereo signal; robust housing; fully functional Dante interface; transmits two inputs and two outputs; class compliant

przejdź do produktu
128 €
polecane
ADJ PRO-ETBS ProEventTable Bag II

ADJ PRO-ETBS Pro Event Table Bag II, Carrying bag suitable for Pro Event Table II, optimally protects against dust and scratches, carrying straps for easy transport, not suitable for the first version of the Pro Event Table, made for #427915

przejdź do produktu
44 €
polecane
Reloop RP 4000 MK2

Quartz-driven DJ turntable with high-torque direct drive Speeds (RPM): 33 1/3 - 45 - 78, Pitch with selectable range of +/- 8% and+/- 16%, Reverse function, Connections: 1 PHONO output (gold plated) and 1 GND ground connection, Incl. platter,...

przejdź do produktu
277 €
polecane
Yamaha L-125 BK

Yamaha L-125 BK; stand for Yamaha P-125 BK; colour: Black

przejdź do produktu
128 €
polecane
Gator iMac 21" Tote Bag

Nylon Bag Fits 21" Apple iMac Water resistant, Good grip and protection with adjustable foam blocks and hard-panel reinforcement in the front flap, Foldable sun and dust protection, Double zipper, Strap and handle cutouts, Reinforced, detachable carrying handles, PVC...

przejdź do produktu
121 €
polecane
Flyht Pro Rack Drawer 19" 3U 28 cm lock

Flyht Pro Rack drawer 19" 3U 28 cm with lock. Robust and easy glide lockable metal rack drawer. Colour: black, Dimensons: WxHxD 483 x 134 x 280 mm, weight: 6,3 kg

przejdź do produktu
44 €
(1)
polecane
Orange OMEC Teleport

Orange OMEC Teleport, effects pedal, interface without any specific drivers or software requirements, AD / DA converters, USB B connector, Amplitude CS is included, LED: USB Bypass, footswitches: USB Bypass, connections: mono input (1/4" jack) - stereo output (2x 1/4"...

przejdź do produktu
118 €
(1)
polecane
Marshall Origin 50H Head

Tube Amp Head for Electric Guitar Gain boost function, Two voicings (Normal, High Treble), which can be mixed continuously via the tilt control, Switchable power reduction for full sound in any environment, 1 Channel, Power: 50 watts, Preamp tubes:...

przejdź do produktu
639 €
Zgłoś błąd Zauważyles błąd i chciałbys nas o tym powiadomić?

Dziękujemy za Twoją wiadomość, zostanie ona przetworzona najszybciej jak to możliwe.

Proszę napisać wiadomość Proszę wpisać adres eMail.