Poradniki online Thomann: Small Diaphragm Mics

6. Directional Patterns

Unidirectional pattern

The most common directional pattern is cardioid (unidirectional). Sources in front of the microphone (on axis) are picked up louder than sources placed to the sides of the microphone (off axis). Sources at the back of the microphone are suppressed quite effectively. Cardioid microphones are very versatile, you can use them on almost anything in any situation. Cardioid patterns are also required for many stereo miking techniques.

Directional patterns

Supercardioid and hypercardioid directional patterns, as you might guess, are more directional than the „normal“ cardioid pattern. Both the super- and the hypercardioid pattern suppress sound from the sides more effectively than normal cardioids. However, sound reaching the back of the microphone is picked-up a little louder than with a normal cardioid pattern. That’s important to keep in mind for live situations: when you use hyper- or supercardioid microphones, place the stage monitors not directly behind the mic (as you would with a normal cardioid) but slightly to the sides. With hyper- and supercardioid microphones, rejection is greatest at about 110-130 degrees off the main recording axis. Hypercardiod and supercardioid patterns are often used on stage and in the studio for better separation between sources in close proximity, e.g. snare and hihat.

Bidirectional pattern

Figure 8 is a pattern that is equally sensitive to front and back. An alternate term for figure 8 is therefore “bidirectional.” Sources placed to the sides, however, are rejected very, very effectively. The figure 8 pattern is very rare for small diaphragm microphones. That’s because the bidirectional pattern requires the mic to be designed for side addressed use (like most large diaphragm condensers), so the back of the capsule is exposed. Typical small diaphragm “pencil” mics, however, are designed to be used end addressed, so the back of the capsule is covered by the microphone housing. Figure 8 microphones are less versatile than cardioids; they are mostly used for certain stereo miking techniques (M/S, Blumlein). Small diaphragm capsules for figure 8 pattern are only offered by some of the more expensive high class manufacturers.

Omnidirectional pattern

Omnidirectional microphones pick up sound from all sounds equally. Omnidirectional mics are rarely used on stage, because they easily produce horrible feedback. In the studio, engineers like to use omnidirectional mics on stringed instruments, among other things, because they produce a very natural sound with a lot of “air”. Omnidirectional microphones pick up a lot of ambience and therefore work best in great-sounding rooms. For stereo miking, omnidirectional microphones should not be used too close to each other, or there will be no stereo image to speak of. XY-stereo miking won’t work, as omnis do not pick up directional information. But “spaced omnis”, as engineers call the most common stereo technique for omnidirectional microphones, produce a very wide and impressive sound image.

Modular Capsule Systems

Some small diaphragm microphones allow you to change the directional pattern by exchanging capsule heads. The more exclusive brands (such as Schoeps) offer a wide variety of capsules, head amplifiers and other accessories. Among entry level microphones, some manufacturers offer pre-configured sets of several capsules (cardioid, omni, sometimes hypercardioid) which can be screwed to the head amplifier (i.e. the microphone electronics). Switchable patterns, as are common among large diaphragm microphones, are extremely rare among small diaphragm microphones.

Twój asystent sprzedaży
PA
Tel: +49-9546-9223-35
Fax: +49-9546-9223-24
Tel: +49-9546-9223-30
Fax: +49-9546-922328
Fani o nas
Szybki transport. Produkty najwyzszej klasy !!!!! Dziekuje
John Doe, 30.11.2015

Zestawienie Small Diaphragm Mics

Yamaha P-125 BK Boss GT-1000 Line6 Power Cab Plus Dante AVIO AES3 IO Adapter 2x2 Dante AVIO USB IO Adapter 2x2 ADJ PRO-ETBS ProEventTable Bag II Reloop RP 4000 MK2 Yamaha L-125 BK Gator iMac 21" Tote Bag Flyht Pro Rack Drawer 19" 3U 28 cm lock Orange OMEC Teleport Marshall Origin 50H Head
(1)
polecane
Yamaha P-125 BK

Stage Piano Graded Hammer Standard Keyboard (GHS) with 88 weighted keys, Pure CF Sound Engine, 24 Tones, Max. Polyphony: 192 votes, Dual, split and duo function, Two-track recording (one song), 20 Rhythms (drums + bass), Intelligent Acoustic Control, 21...

przejdź do produktu
549 €
(2)
polecane
Boss GT-1000

Multi effect pedal 32-bit AD / DA, 32-bit floating-point processor and 96 kHz sampling rate, New BOSS DSP engine, specially developed for audio applications, AIRD (Augmented Impulse Response Dynamics) brings BOSS's Tube Logic concept to a digital guitar processor,...

przejdź do produktu
990 €
(1)
polecane
Line6 Power Cab Plus

Active Modelling Guitar Box With integrated USB audio interface, With 6 loudspeaker simulations (expandable), Equipped with: 1x 12"speaker and 1" compression driver, Power: 250W @ 8Ω, Frequency range: 70 - 20000 Hz, Maximum level: 128 dB @ 1 m,...

przejdź do produktu
745 €
polecane
Dante AVIO AES3 IO Adapter 2x2

Y Adapter Transmits two channels each from AES3 to a Dante network and vice versa, RJ45 Metal plug with built-in LEDs, 1 XLR male output, 1 XLR female input, 96 kHz / 24 bit, Robust housing for day-to-day tasks...

przejdź do produktu
167 €
polecane
Dante AVIO USB IO Adapter 2x2

Dante AVIO USB IO Adapter 2x2; for connecting a computer to a Dante network; perfect for recording or play back a stereo signal; robust housing; fully functional Dante interface; transmits two inputs and two outputs; class compliant

przejdź do produktu
128 €
polecane
ADJ PRO-ETBS ProEventTable Bag II

ADJ PRO-ETBS Pro Event Table Bag II, Carrying bag suitable for Pro Event Table II, optimally protects against dust and scratches, carrying straps for easy transport, not suitable for the first version of the Pro Event Table, made for #427915

przejdź do produktu
44 €
polecane
Reloop RP 4000 MK2

Quartz-driven DJ turntable with high-torque direct drive Speeds (RPM): 33 1/3 - 45 - 78, Pitch with selectable range of +/- 8% and+/- 16%, Reverse function, Connections: 1 PHONO output (gold plated) and 1 GND ground connection, Incl. platter,...

przejdź do produktu
277 €
polecane
Yamaha L-125 BK

Yamaha L-125 BK; stand for Yamaha P-125 BK; colour: Black

przejdź do produktu
128 €
polecane
Gator iMac 21" Tote Bag

Nylon Bag Fits 21" Apple iMac Water resistant, Good grip and protection with adjustable foam blocks and hard-panel reinforcement in the front flap, Foldable sun and dust protection, Double zipper, Strap and handle cutouts, Reinforced, detachable carrying handles, PVC...

przejdź do produktu
121 €
polecane
Flyht Pro Rack Drawer 19" 3U 28 cm lock

Flyht Pro Rack drawer 19" 3U 28 cm with lock. Robust and easy glide lockable metal rack drawer. Colour: black, Dimensons: WxHxD 483 x 134 x 280 mm, weight: 6,3 kg

przejdź do produktu
44 €
(1)
polecane
Orange OMEC Teleport

Orange OMEC Teleport, effects pedal, interface without any specific drivers or software requirements, AD / DA converters, USB B connector, Amplitude CS is included, LED: USB Bypass, footswitches: USB Bypass, connections: mono input (1/4" jack) - stereo output (2x 1/4"...

przejdź do produktu
118 €
(1)
polecane
Marshall Origin 50H Head

Tube Amp Head for Electric Guitar Gain boost function, Two voicings (Normal, High Treble), which can be mixed continuously via the tilt control, Switchable power reduction for full sound in any environment, 1 Channel, Power: 50 watts, Preamp tubes:...

przejdź do produktu
639 €
Zgłoś błąd Zauważyles błąd i chciałbys nas o tym powiadomić?

Dziękujemy za Twoją wiadomość, zostanie ona przetworzona najszybciej jak to możliwe.

Proszę napisać wiadomość Proszę wpisać adres eMail.