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Poradniki online Thomann: Modulation Effects Pedals

8. Leslie

The Leslie speaker is perhaps the most cumbersome and complex piece of effects hardware available, though many musicians feel that the effect has never been completely replicated by electronics or software.

The Leslie speaker cabinet (and various similar designs) is named after its inventor, Don Leslie. Originally designed to enhance the sound of the Hammond organ, the Leslie effect found favour in the 60s, and has come to represent an instant ‘psychedelic’ ingredient for many musicians influenced by The Beatles, Cream or Jimi Hendrix.

Though generally described as containing rotating speakers, the original Leslie design in fact uses static speakers. A high frequency driver (facing upwards) is directly coupled to two rotating horns and the bass speaker (facing downwards) is positioned so that its sound bounces off a foam rotor.

All these moving parts give the Leslie design a sound that has proved hard to replicate electronically, though the goal has always been perceived as worthwhile when compared with the cost of owning and maintaining the real thing - legendary for its unreliability.

The Leslie effect is a complex combination of tremolo, vibrato and other sonic artefacts. Tremolo is produced as the sound is loudest each time the rotor faces the listener. The physical movement, particularly at higher speeds, also produces pitch variation via the Doppler effect (see ‘Chorus’). Both of these effects change depending on the listener’s position, and are therefore accentuated by close microphone placement.

Early attempts to replicate the Leslie sound, while not very successful in absolute terms, often produced interesting and characterful results which now have their own place in the world of ‘vintage’ sound. The Dunlop Uni-Vibe pedal, originally developed for Jimi Hendrix, has a sound all of its own which has been much copied.

More recent Leslie Simulators have used physical modelling techniques to reconstruct the technique from the ground up. This is really the only way to get near to reproducing the complex interactions of moving parts and audio circuitry that make up the Leslie sound.

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Zestawienie Modulation Effects Pedals

Toontrack Superior Drummer 3 Upgrade Roland SH-01A gray Toontrack Superior Drummer 3 Varytec LED Theater Spot 100 3000K Digitech SDRUM Strummable Drums Boss Katana Mini Kala Spruce Mahagony Sopran Ukulele Arturia KeyLab Essential 61 Roland SPD::ONE Wav Stairville Octagon 20x6W Tourpack 4 Darkglass Alpha Omicron Bass Distortion Arturia KeyLab Essential 49
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Toontrack Superior Drummer 3 Upgrade

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Roland SH-01A gray

Roland SH-01A gray, sounds of the classic roland sh-101 synthesizer via acb technology; new unison, chord, and four-voice polyphonic modes expand on the original's sound palette; built-in sequencer with 64 patterns; arpeggiator with 3 playback modes, note hold, 3-way transpose...

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Toontrack Superior Drummer 3

Toontrack Superior Drummer 3 (ESD); virtual drum production studio; extensively produced drum software, based on meticulously recorded samples of high end drums; recorded in 11.1 surround sound at the Galaxy Studios by George Massenburg; over 230 GB of raw, unprocessed...

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Varytec LED Theater Spot 100 3000K

LED Theatre Spotlights With Fresnel lens and 3000K colour temperature, Replaces conventional stepped lens spotlights of the 500 - 650 W class, Adjustable beam angle via manual zoom, Very quiet temperature-controlled fan for quiet operation, Light source: 100 W...

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Digitech SDRUM Strummable Drums

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Boss Katana Mini

Modelling Combo Amplifier for Electric Guitar 3 Basic amplifier types selectable (Brown/Crunch/Clean), Analogue multi-stage gain circuit with 3-Band analogue EQ, Channels: 1, Power: 7 W, Equipped with: 1x 4" speaker, Cabinet construction: Closed, Controls: (Mono): Gain, Volume, Bass, Middle,...

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Kala Spruce Mahagony Sopran Ukulele

Kala Spruce Mahagony Soprano Ukulele, Soprano body size, 348 mm scale, overall length 533 mm, Spruce top, Mahogany back and sides, Mahogany neck, 12 nickel silver frets, Black Walnut fingerboard, Black Walnut bridge, chrome, geared machineheads, Aquila Super Nylgut strings,...

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Arturia KeyLab Essential 61

USB MIDI Keyboard 61 Velocity-sensitive keys, 8 Velocity dynamic pads with aftertouch, A Clickable encoder, 9 Rotary control, 9 Faders, 13 Keys, Transport section with 4 function buttons, LCD display, Pitchbend and modulation wheel, Chord Play mode, Mackie /...

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Roland SPD::ONE Wav

Roland SPD::ONE Wav pad, one rubber pad playable with sticks, hands and feet, 4 GBs storage for 12 WAV samples plus click track (muted one main output) (WAV format 44,1kHz, 16 bits, mono/stereo), volume knobs for master and headphone outputs,...

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Stairville Octagon 20x6W Tourpack 4

Stairville Octagon Theater 20x6W 4x Tourpack incl. Flightcase, 20x6W CW / WW / A, Complete Tourpack with 4 pieces Stairville Octagon Theater 20x6W in a stable roadcase. Professional LED Theatre Spot with infinitely adjustable colour temperature. The, Octagon Theatre is...

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Darkglass Alpha Omicron Bass Distortion

Effect Pedal for Electric Guitar Provides the distortion and flexibility of the alpha-omega in a smaller format, With the two distortions, it offers the same harmonically rich, various sounds as its big brother, Knobs: Blend - mod - level...

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266 €
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Arturia KeyLab Essential 49

USB MIDI Keyboard 49 Velocity-sensitive keys, 8 Velocity-sensitive pads with aftertouch, 1 clickable encoder, 9 Rotary control, 9 Faders, 13 Buttons, Transport section with 4 function buttons, LCD display, Pitchbend and modulation wheel, Chord Play mode, Mackie / HUI...

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