De grote online raadgever van Thomann: Recording Acoustic Guitars

4. Positioning

Whichever miking technique you opt for, the position of the mics can make a huge difference to the sound – even very small movements can radically alter the tone. Your eyes can be deceptive however - a great way to position mics is to close your eyes and monitor on a good pair of closed-back headphones. Let your ears be the judge of what sounds best, as the most odd-looking position can often work very well.

Mono

The mic should generally be aimed at the area where the neck joins the body, at a distance of around 30cm. This can be increased to 60cm or more, but only in a good sounding, quiet room. Pointing the mic slightly towards the left hand will help to capture more detail, whereas a softer sound can be achieved by pointing towards the sound hole, but this may give too much bottom end unless you also raise the mic vertically by a few centimetres. As always, listening is the key!

Pseudo Stereo: Multi-mic

There is no other single mic position that gives as consistently good results as the area around the neck joint. However, a second mic is often employed, pointed towards the area around the bridge - this position tends to sound rather thin and nasal on its own, but a large diaphragm mic can add warmth. By blending this with a small diaphragm mic in the traditional position and panning left and right, you can achieve a big, wide sound. The bridge mic is generally mixed lower than the neck/body mic, but the beauty of this technique is that by recording to separate tracks, the balance and overall character can be adjusted at mixdown.

True Stereo: X-Y Pair

True stereo techniques can also be used to good effect. The most obvious is the X-Y pair, where two cardioid microphones are placed with their capsules as close together as possible, one just above the other, at an angle of approximately 90 degrees.

Positioning can be critical here. Getting the best neck/body sound at the same time as the best bridge sound can be tricky. Small variations in the angle between the mics and overall distance can have a significant effect. Again, keep listening as you go.

True Stereo: Mid & Side Recording

In the standard version of this stereo recording method, a cardioid or supercardioid microphone is pointed towards the source, and a figure-8 mic is placed at 90 degrees, directly above or below.

The ‘mid’ (mono) signal comes from the cardioid mic. The ‘side’ signal from the figure-8 mic provides phase and level information for the stereo image. A complete stereo signal is achieved by splitting the side signal and feeding it to two channels, one of which is phase inverted. These two channels are then panned hard left and right, while the mono signal is panned centrally - the stereo image ‘widens’ as the level of the side signals is raised relative to the level of the mid signal.

M&S recording can produce a very coherent stereo image, and unlike other stereo recording methods, it is completely mono compatible, which is important for TV and radio. When a M&S recording is summed to mono, the side channels cancel out completely, leaving just the central mono signal. For this reason the M&S array should be positioned as though it were a mono mic. As the side mic is not pointing directly at the instrument, this technique can introduce unwanted colouration and background noise, and its selection therefore depends much on the ambient noise level and sound of the room.

Some mixers and mic pre-amps feature integrated M&S decoding. This is convenient, but not essential as long as you have a phase switch and some way to split a signal. This can be done very easily with most hard disk recording software.

N.B. Many close-miking techniques can be given added ambience by using an additional mic placed further back to capture the sound of the room. This technique should never be used with M&S recording however, because the stereo picture is entirely a product of phase relationships between the M and S channels, which an ambient mic signal will confuse and usually completely destroy. For the same reason, the two side faders should always be set at exactly the same level and moved together – the easiest way to ensure this is to use software or an automated desk to group them.

Uw contactpersoon
Tel: +49-9546-9223-35
Fax: +49-9546-9223-24
Tel: +49-9546-9223-20
Fax: +49-9546-9223-24
Hot Deals Krijg gratis Hot Deals!

Meer dan 9.000.000 musici/muzikanten lezen deze al: de Thomann Hot Deals. Krijg nu uw gratis exemplaar met meer dan 400 actuele aanbiedingen!

Wat een Thomann-fan over ons zegt
Ik wil jullie bedanken voor de snelle en goede service. Thomann musikhaus top internetside.
John Doe, 07.07.2015

in de ‹berblick

Alesis Vortex Wireless 2 Alesis Surge Mesh Kit Adam T5V Subpac M2X Roland R-07 black Yamaha Stagepas 600BT Arturia Minibrute 2 Focal Listen Professional Heritage Audio HA-73 EQ Elite Focal Shape Twin Sound Devices MixPre-3 Yamaha Stagepas 400BT
(4)
Voor u aanbevolen
Alesis Vortex Wireless 2

Alesis Vortex Wireless 2; USB/MIDI Keytar Controller with Accelerometer; Portable Performance Keyboard with Shoulder Strap, 37 touch sensitive keys with aftertouch; Eight touch sensitive RGB illuminated Performance Pads, Eight illuminated faders for volume or parameter control; Programmable tilt sensor with...

naar het product
€ 259
Voor u aanbevolen
Alesis Surge Mesh Kit

Alesis E-Drum Set 385 Sounds, 40 Kits, 60 Songs, Additionele invoer voor een vierde tom en een tweede crash pad, 2 master uitgangen 6.3 mm mono jack, Hoofdtelefoonuitgang 3,5 mm stereo-jack, AUX-ingang 3,5 mm stereo-jack, MIDI invoer en uitvoer,...

naar het product
€ 599
(1)
Voor u aanbevolen
Adam T5V

Adam Actieve Near-Field Monitor Uitrusting: 5" woofer en 1,9" U-ART ribbon-tweeter, 2x Class-D-versterker: 50 W RMS-woofer, 20 W RMS-tweeter, Frequentiebereik: 45- 25000 Hz, Crossover-frequentie: 3 kHz, Maximaal niveau: 106 dB (1 m / paar), Bass reflex opening aan de...

naar het product
€ 169
Voor u aanbevolen
Subpac M2X

Subpac M2X, Mobile tactile bass system, SubPac adds real depth, connection and enjoyment to whatever you play through it - your music and media comes to life with the added dimension of physical bass. Frequency Response: 1hz-200hz, Wired Input: 3.5mm...

naar het product
€ 398
(1)
Voor u aanbevolen
Roland R-07 black

Roland Portable MP3/WAV Recorder Met Bluetooth Functionaliteit Stereo-opnames tot maximaal 24 bit / 96 kHz in WAV-formaat of tot maximaal 396 kbps in MP3-formaat op microSD / SDHC-kaart, Ingebouwde stereomicrofoon, Geïntegreerde Hybrid Limiter, Dual Rercording function voor het gelijktijdig...

naar het product
€ 229
Voor u aanbevolen
Yamaha Stagepas 600BT

Mini-PA System with Bluetooth Function Consisting of 2x passive 2-way boxes and 10-channel power mixers, Power mixers and speaker cables can be stored in the boxes for transportation, Successor of the Stagepas 600i, Including 2 speaker cables, each 6...

naar het product
€ 799
(2)
Voor u aanbevolen
Arturia Minibrute 2

Arturia Minibrute 2; analog semi-modular Synthesizer; Combination of classic and modular Synthesizer; 25 note Keyboard with Aftertouch; Brute-Oscillator; Steiner-Parker-Filter; additional Loop-Envelope; linear FM; Hardsync; two free assignable LFOs; integrated Step Sequencer; Arpeggiator; 48 point Patchbay; Pitch- and Modulation Wheel; Connections:...

naar het product
€ 649
Voor u aanbevolen
Focal Listen Professional

Headphones Closed, Circumaural, Conversion technology for acoustic transparency and dynamics, Impedance: 32 ohms, Sensitivity (@ 1 kHz - / 1 Vrms): 122 dB SPL, THD (THD, @ 1 kHz / 100 dB SPL): 0.3%, Frequency range: 5 Hz to...

naar het product
€ 249
Voor u aanbevolen
Heritage Audio HA-73 EQ Elite

Heritage Audio HA-73 EQ Elite; 1-Channel Mic-Preamp wit EQ; based on the 1073; hand wound Carnhill Transformers; 3 stage fully discrete class A mic preamp; max. Gain: 80 dB Mic and 50 dB Line; -20 dB Pad; LO-Z switches the...

naar het product
€ 945
(1)
Voor u aanbevolen
Focal Shape Twin

Focal Actieve Nearfield Monitor Tweeter met geringe richting voor een flexibele luisterpositie, Gesloten ontwerp met twee passieve membranen voor eenvoudige installatie in de buurt van de muur, 2.5-way concept voor optimale regeling van de bas en lagere middentonen, Optimale...

naar het product
€ 849
Voor u aanbevolen
Sound Devices MixPre-3

Sound Devices MixPre-3; portable audio recorder with USB audio interface; 5 tracks: stereo mix + 3 isolated tracks; Kashmir microphone preamp with 76db gain; equivalent Input Noise: 128dBu max (A-weighting, gain=76dB, 150 Ohm source impedance); limiter per channel; low cut...

naar het product
€ 770
Voor u aanbevolen
Yamaha Stagepas 400BT

Mini-PA System Bluetooth Function Consisting of 2x passive 2-way boxes and 8-channel power mixers, Power mixers and speaker cables can be stored in the boxes for transportation, Successor of the Stagepas 400i, Including 2 speaker cables, each 6 m...

naar het product
€ 555
Feedback Fout gevonden of wilt u feedback geven op deze pagina?

We kijken er naar uit om van u te horen en proberen elk probleem zo snel mogelijk op te lossen.

Schrijf een kommentaar. Voer s.v.p. uw Email-adres in.