5. Maintenance & Cleaning
Although it is sensible, especially at first, to have most work done by a dedicated string instrument repairer or shop, there are a few things that anyone can do at home:
The viola and bow should always be wiped with a soft, clean, natural-fibre cloth after playing (a good quality household duster is fine) to remove general dirt and, more specifically, the dusting of rosin that collects on the belly of the instrument and the bow. Take care to thread the cloth firstly between the strings and the fingerboard, and then between the fingerboard and the belly. This is not simply for cosmetic reasons the rosin will eventually permanently flatten the shine on the varnish if it is not removed promptly.
Perhaps once or twice a year, its a good idea to clean the viola with an appropriate instrument cleaner. Tempting though it might be to get out the furniture wax/spray and give it a really good shine, this is absolutely to be avoided. Violin cleaner - as it is usually known, though it is in fact designed for all string instruments - is a relatively thin liquid, a quality that is essential to avoid the wood becoming clogged and coated with wax. Even so, it needs to be applied sparingly and polished off well. Clearly, a viola is a delicate object, so the job must be undertaken with care and common sense. Although you should try hard to keep the cleaner away from the strings, its advisable to clean them afterwards anyway, along with the fingerboard which tends to get a degree of rosin building up on it, particularly at the top end. For this, surgical spirit works very well, but unfortunately, as it also dissolves the varnish, its probably best to watch an expert do this sort of work a couple of times before attempting it at home.
Re-hairing the bow is one of the regular jobs that should be done by a specialist shop or repairer. Its important not to leave it until large numbers of hairs have broken; as the hairs tend to break progressively from one side, the end result is that the stick will bow out the other way when the hair is tight, eventually causing permanent distortion.