Thomann's Cool Online Guides: Software Sequencers

5. Audio Recording

Audio recording on a computer is a relatively simple affair these days. Audio tracks are displayed alongside MIDI tracks in the Arrange window, and so the convention of a vertical list of tracks and a horizontal time base has remained. Each track will allow you to select an input from whichever are available on your soundcard – simply arm the track(s) for recording, check the levels, and click the ‘record’ button on the transport bar. As you record, the time-line scrolls along and a visual representation of the wave file is displayed. Modern computers are plenty fast enough to cope with monitoring audio and effects live – this may seem an obvious requirement, but not so long ago, delays in the region of half a second between input and output made this impossible.

Digital audio is completely non-linear - to the computer it’s just data that can be accessed from any point at any time. The fun you used to have of trying to get a tape machine to return to zero is now history, and you can instantly play back from any part of the song. Other common features you can expect to find will allow you to mark two points and seamlessly loop a piece of audio for continuous playback, or just as with text in a word processor, chop up digital audio and move it around, copy it, paste it, loop it and even reverse it. To give a practical example, you could record a couple of bars of a new riff you’ve been working on, copy and paste it fifty times over, and then play alongside while working out a second guitar part.

A relatively recent innovation is that of multiple-take recording. This allows you to loop your project so that (for example) the chorus plays back over and over for you to sing along to, each loop producing an individual recording. You can then go back and choose the best take, or even better, choose the best parts from different takes and ‘comp’ them together. With the notable exception of Pro Tools, there’s usually no software-imposed limit on audio tracks, so you can keep on experimenting without fear of running out. 250 tracks of CD quality audio are easily achievable on a basic PC with a regular internal hard drive, or if you want to record at 24bit / 96kHz, then you’ll get about a third as many tracks, so 70 would be a good rule of thumb, or over 100 for two drives in a ‘RAID 0’ configuration (see below).

Pro Tools 7.4
Pro Tools 7.4

Hard Drives

Digital audio is recorded onto hard drives. They are mechanical devices with moving parts, and specifications such as spin speeds and access times. Until a few years ago, the type and speed of hard drive was very important - professionals used SCSI (Small Computer Serial Interface) drives which had the superior speeds needed for serious audio work. These days, SCSI has become more or less obsolete, with regular hard drives now easily capable of the job. A standard internal hard drive will usually have a spin speed of 7200rpm, which is plenty, and if anything, it’s actually the interface to the computer’s motherboard that can cause a bottleneck. In recent times, the standard Parallel ATA connection has given way to the faster Serial ATA connection, meaning that newer systems effectively have even faster and better drives.

One way of improving the audio performance of your system is to use ‘RAID’ (Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks). This technology was originally designed for servers, but by using the ‘RAID 0’ flavour of the specification, we can combine two or more hard drives that are ‘striped’ into a single high-performance drive - you can generally achieve a 20-40% increase in track count, as well as double the storage space. It’s important to note that using two drives in this way does not provide any additional security for your data - if one drive fails you still lose the whole lot. ‘RAID 1’ is an alternative method of using two drives together which ‘mirrors’ the data rather than striping it. Because the same data is written to both drives simultaneously, if one goes down, then you still have a copy. Raid 1 has a negative effect on track count though, and storage space is not increased.

Laptops generally come with smaller and slower 5400rpm hard drives. These are capable of about 40 tracks of 24bit / 96kHz audio which, is still pretty good, and there are some 7200rpm 2.5” laptop drives in existence should you wish to upgrade you basic drive, or specify a custom machine. Secondary external hard drives that connect via USB or FireWire are commonly used to give laptops better audio performance.

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Software Sequencers overview

Line6 Helix HX Effects Epiphone Joe Bonamassa 1958 "Amos" Zoom F1-LP Focusrite Clarett 8Pre USB Warm Audio WA73-EQ Yamaha DXS15 MKII Bose QC 35 II Wireless BK Fender SQ Jaguar Special SS IL CAR Palmer PWT 12 MK 2 Fender Squier Mini Strat V2 TR IL Zoom F1-SP Mackie Bag Thump12 A/BST
Line6 Helix HX Effects

Multi effect pedal More than 100 HX effects, Of which up to 9 effects can be used simultaneously, Import of own Impulse Responses (IRS), Parallel stereo signal paths, Inputs can be switched between line / instrument level, Two assignable...

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Epiphone Joe Bonamassa 1958 "Amos"

Electric Guitar Joe Bonamassa model, Body and neck: Korina, Fretboard: Certified blackwood, Neck profile: 1958 Rounded C, 22 Medium jumbo frets, Pickups: Epiphone Probucker 2 (neck) and Epiphone Probucker 3 (bridge), Lock Tone ABR-1 Tuneomatic bridge, Including case, certificate,...

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Zoom F1-LP

Field Recorder and Lavalier Microphone Set Two-channel audio recorder, Compatible with zoom microphone capsules, Supports WAV formats up to 24bit / 96kHz or MP3 formats on microSD / microSDHC card (up to 32GB), USB audio interface for PC and...

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Focusrite Clarett 8Pre USB

USB 2.0 audio interface 24-bit / 192 kHz, 18 inputs and 20 outputs, 8 Clarett mic preamps with Air mode model and the classic ISA mic preamp sound, Low noise (-128dB ON), Up to 118 dB dynamic range, Switchable...

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Warm Audio WA73-EQ

Warm Audio WA73-EQ; 1-channel Mic-Preamp; British 1073-style; fully discrete Class A; Carnhill Transformers; 80dB of Gain (stepped gain switch); Tone Button (changes input transformer impedance); Polarity switch; +48v phantom power; Inductor based 3 band EQ: Low Band Boost/Cut (35, 60,...

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Yamaha DXS15 MKII

Active Subwoofer Equipped with: 1x 15" woofer, 1020 Watt Class-D power amp, Frequency range: 40 - 150 Hz, Maximum output level: 135 dB, Black plywood housing with speaker grille that protects entire front and the front edges, XLR inputs/outputs,...

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Bose QC 35 II Wireless BK

Bose Quiet Comfort 35 II Wireless Black Noise Cancelling headphone - Acoustic Noise Cancelling, around-ear design, swiveling ear cups, volume optimized EQ, Google Assistant, up to 20 h running time, includes audio cable, USB charging cable and etui, colour: black

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Fender SQ Jaguar Special SS IL CAR

Electric Bass Body: Agathis, Neck: Maple, Fretboard: Indian Laurel (Laurel), Neck profile: C, 20 Frets, Scale: 762 mm (30"/ Short Scale), Nut width 38 mm, Pickups: 1 J-Style and 1 Split single coil, Black 3-ply pickguard, Colour: Candy Apple...

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Palmer PWT 12 MK 2

Multi power supply for effect pedals 4 Outputs - adjustable from 9 to 18V, 2 Can be interconnected with the supplied Y-cable and deliver up to 36 V output voltage, The maximum capacity of the 9 V outputs is...

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Fender Squier Mini Strat V2 TR IL

Fender Squier Mini Stratocaster V2 TR IL e-guitar, mini stratocaster, scale 578mm, nut width 40,6mm, poplar body, maple neck, indian laurel fretboard, 20 medium frets, 3x standard single coil pickups, vintage style bridge, 5 way switch, finish torino red,

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Zoom F1-SP

Field Recorder and Shotgun Microphone Two-channel audio recorder, Compatible with zoom microphone capsules, Supports WAV formats up to 24bit / 96kHz or MP3 formats on microSD / microSDHC card (up to 32GB), USB audio interface for PC and Mac...

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Mackie Bag Thump12 A/BST

Speaker Bag Bag for Thump 12 A and Thump 12 BST, Protects against rain and dirt, Outer fabric: Coated polyester fabric, Inside lined with foam, Robust zip fastener, Cable bag with hook-and-loop fastener on the outside, Two comfortable straps...

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