Thomann's Cool Online Guides: Mixers

4. Features

Most mid to high-end mixers draw from very similar feature sets, and tend to vary only in quality and channel and/or feature quantity. We’ll now take a closer look at some of these basic features, as their explanation should provide a better understanding of the fundamentals of mixing, and will be useful in a broad variety of situations.

Input Channels

The large majority of a mixer’s surface is usually made up of channel strips - these are normally identical vertical strips running across the mixer which allow individual processing and control of each input signal. Most channels are usually mono, and these are generally used for microphones and sometimes instruments such as guitars. Mixers will often also incorporate a handful of stereo channels which allow for the connection of stereo keyboards, playback devices and submixers, and tend to offer fewer features than found on typical mono channels. Each channel ‘strip’ is made up of multiple signal processing controls which we will look at in more detail later in this section.

Channel Faders


As mentioned previously, subgroups allow the grouping of individual channels before their signal is sent to the master section. A fader (or two) allows the user global control over a group’s level, particularly useful for backing vocals and drum kits for instance. They may have their own outputs for multi-track recording, as well as insert points and/or aux sends to simplify effects and signal processing. Mixers with subgroups will have a selection of push buttons next to the channel faders to determine which group(s) the signal is routed to. Groups are generally stereo, in which case panning information from the channel is also transmitted to the group.

Master Section

This is where all the signals are brought together, ready for any final processing before being distributed to the outputs, which can range from a single stereo out, to multiple outs including sends for tape machines, speakers, headphones and more. Insert points may also be found here, along with the master fader(s), some form of metering, and possibly further EQ and built-in effects processing, particularly on mixers aimed specifically at live use.

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Mixers overview

Line6 Helix HX Effects Epiphone Joe Bonamassa 1958 "Amos" Fender SQ Jaguar Special SS IL CAR Zoom F1-LP Focusrite Clarett 8Pre USB Warm Audio WA73-EQ Presonus Faderport 16 Bose QC 35 II Wireless BK Yamaha DXS15 MKII Palmer PWT 12 MK 2 Zoom F1-SP Fun Generation PL 15 Sub A
Line6 Helix HX Effects

Multi effect pedal More than 100 HX effects, Of which up to 9 effects can be used simultaneously, Import of own Impulse Responses (IRS), Parallel stereo signal paths, Inputs can be switched between line / instrument level, Two assignable...

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Epiphone Joe Bonamassa 1958 "Amos"

Electric Guitar Joe Bonamassa model, Body and neck: Korina, Fretboard: Certified blackwood, Neck profile: 1958 Rounded C, 22 Medium jumbo frets, Pickups: Epiphone Probucker 2 (neck) and Epiphone Probucker 3 (bridge), Lock Tone ABR-1 Tuneomatic bridge, Including case, certificate,...

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Fender SQ Jaguar Special SS IL CAR

Electric Bass Body: Agathis, Neck: Maple, Fretboard: Indian Laurel (Laurel), Neck profile: C, 20 Frets, Scale: 762 mm (30"/ Short Scale), Nut width 38 mm, Pickups: 1 J-Style and 1 Split single coil, Black 3-ply pickguard, Colour: Candy Apple...

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Zoom F1-LP

Field Recorder and Lavalier Microphone Set Two-channel audio recorder, Compatible with zoom microphone capsules, Supports WAV formats up to 24bit / 96kHz or MP3 formats on microSD / microSDHC card (up to 32GB), USB audio interface for PC and...

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Focusrite Clarett 8Pre USB

USB 2.0 audio interface 24-bit / 192 kHz, 18 inputs and 20 outputs, 8 Clarett mic preamps with Air mode model and the classic ISA mic preamp sound, Low noise (-128dB ON), Up to 118 dB dynamic range, Switchable...

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Warm Audio WA73-EQ

Warm Audio WA73-EQ; 1-channel Mic-Preamp; British 1073-style; fully discrete Class A; Carnhill Transformers; 80dB of Gain (stepped gain switch); Tone Button (changes input transformer impedance); Polarity switch; +48v phantom power; Inductor based 3 band EQ: Low Band Boost/Cut (35, 60,...

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Presonus Faderport 16

16-Channel DAW Production Controller 16 Professional, touch-sensitive 100 mm motor faders (Dual-Servo Drive Belt), High fader resolution: 10 Bits/1,024 steps, 85 Background and status illuminated buttons, 104 Controllable functions, 16 High-resolution LC displays as digital labeling fields, Timecode and...

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Bose QC 35 II Wireless BK

Bose Quiet Comfort 35 II Wireless Black Noise Cancelling headphone - Acoustic Noise Cancelling, around-ear design, swiveling ear cups, volume optimized EQ, Google Assistant, up to 20 h running time, includes audio cable, USB charging cable and etui, colour: black

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Yamaha DXS15 MKII

Active Subwoofer Equipped with: 1x 15" woofer, 1020 Watt Class-D power amp, Frequency range: 40 - 150 Hz, Maximum output level: 135 dB, Black plywood housing with speaker grille that protects entire front and the front edges, XLR inputs/outputs,...

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Palmer PWT 12 MK 2

Multi power supply for effect pedals 4 Outputs - adjustable from 9 to 18V, 2 Can be interconnected with the supplied Y-cable and deliver up to 36 V output voltage, The maximum capacity of the 9 V outputs is...

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Zoom F1-SP

Field Recorder and Shotgun Microphone Two-channel audio recorder, Compatible with zoom microphone capsules, Supports WAV formats up to 24bit / 96kHz or MP3 formats on microSD / microSDHC card (up to 32GB), USB audio interface for PC and Mac...

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Fun Generation PL 15 Sub A

Active subwoofer Speaker assembly: 15" woofer, Power: 250 W RMS / 1000 W peak, Max. SPL: 125 dB, Frequency range: 40 - 250 Hz, Adjustable low-pass filter from 40 - 150 Hz, Inputs: XLR (L + R), XLR (L...

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