Thomann's Cool Online Guides: MIDI Interfaces

6. FAQ

On this page you can find frequently asked questions on: "MIDI interfaces".

 


Active Sensing

A MIDI event that some devices send out at regular intervals to determine whether there are any other MIDI devices connected. Some devices do not respond well to it – if you are encountering problems with MIDI communication it can be a good idea to ‘filter’ this out with your sequencer.

Aftertouch

A MIDI control function found on some keyboards that’s activated by pushing down on the keys after they have been struck initially. The function usually controls parameters such as vibrato or filter cutoff.

Bank Select

MIDI control instruction for switching between different sound banks on a MIDI sound device.

Bulk Dump

Sending or storing all of a MIDI device’s parameters. Used for backing up user data in case of power failure etc.

Device ID

If you have several devices of the same type, you can assign different Device IDs to them in order to address them independently. Normally only applicable to System Exclusive data.

Event or MIDI Event

The pressing of a key, the releasing of a key, the velocity of the stroke, the changing of volume etc – all of these things are individual MIDI events, as are any other commands sent over MIDI.

General MIDI (GM)

A standard which regulates the allocation of sounds and MIDI controller numbers. GM specifies 128 of the most frequently used sounds as well as controller numbers for effects and patch changes. The idea is that any MIDI file (a set of MIDI song data) that conforms to the GM standard will sound correct when played through any GM compatible device.

Local On/Off

Switches off the connection between a MIDI synthesiser’s keyboard and the sound generating engine of the same device. Local On enables the keyboard to play its own sounds, whereas with Local Off, the keyboard only sends MIDI out of the instrument’s MIDI Out port. This enables a keyboard to play other sound modules or software instruments without playing its own sounds at the same time.

MIDI Cable

A 5 pin cable up to 25 meters long for connecting between MIDI devices – MIDI amplifiers are available if you need a longer cable run that this.

MIDI Channel

The MIDI standard dictates 16 different channels, over which different sounds and/or MIDI devices can be accessed independently. In order to be able to use a certain channel, the respective MIDI controller (e.g. keyboard or sequencer) must use the same channel as the sound module.

MIDI Clock

A regular MIDI event used in conjunction with MIDI Song Pointers to provide synchronisation between MIDI devices. Typically used between two tempo-dependent devices such as a sequencer and a drum machine. Now largely superseded by the more flexible MIDI Time Code (MTC).

MIDI Filter

Removes unwanted MIDI events. This is often used to block events from reaching a sound module when using a number of devices in a chain, such as patch changes or pitch bend. Alternatively it is used by sequencers simply to filter the display of information, rather than the actual events themselves.

MIDI In

Port through which MIDI data is received.

MIDI Merge

Describes the combining of MIDI information from two or more sources into a single MIDI connection. For instance if you wanted to play a sound module from a keyboard and a MIDI drum pad simultaneously (perhaps on different channels), you could plug both of them into a MIDI Merge box, and then plug the box’s output into the sound module’s MIDI In port. As this involves merging data, it cannot be done simply by joining two cables together!

MIDI Out

Port through which MIDI data is transmitted.

MIDI Thru

Port that mirrors the MIDI In in order to route MIDI data in a chain to a second device.

MIDI Time Code (MTC)

A regular clock signal that improves over MIDI Clock by stamping each event with an absolute time, thereby allowing devices to be restarted anywhere in a song and immediately synchronise.

Panic

A function that clears all sounding notes by sending out a ‘note off’ command for every possible MIDI note on all channels.

Program Change (Patch Change)

The standard MIDI instruction for changing a sound.

Sequencer

A piece of hardware or software for the recording, editing and playback of MIDI information.

System Exclusive (SysEx)

MIDI data that is only understood by one particular model of MIDI device. Often used for transferring patch information via ‘Bulk Dumps’.

Your Contacts
Phone: +49-9546-9223-30
FAX: +49-9546-922328
Question!
Question! Give the right answer and win 1x Stairville Quad Par Profile 5x8W RGB WW worth €60.
What studio was made famous by the Beatles?
Conditions of participation
Terms and Conditions for participation
in online competitions

Note: Participation in an online competition runs independently from any purchase at Thomann GmbH. The following Competition Rules apply when participating in any online competition run by Musikhaus Thomann:

  1. Competition

    1. The competitions are organised by Thomann GmbH, CEO: Hans Thomann, Hans-Thomann-Straße 1, 96138 Burgebrach, Germany.
  2. Participation

    1. Competitions are only open to persons of full age.
    2. To take part in the competition you must answer all questions correctly, fill in the registration form and submit your entry to Thomann GmbH by pressing the "send" button.
      By pressing the "send" button the participant accepts the aforementioned terms and conditions.
    3. The participant is responsible for entering their email and/or postal address correctly. Entries to the competition will be logged electronically.
  3. Qualifying Entrants

    1. Staff of Thomann GmbH and any cooperation partners and their dependants are excluded from participation.
    2. Should these conditions of participation be violated, especially by using illegitimate means, Thomann GmbH reserves the right to exclude persons from the competition. In case of such violations prizes can be withdrawn and claimed back subsequently.
  4. Announcing the winner

    1. The winners will be notified by Thomann GmbH by email or in writing and their names may be published on the homepage www.thomann.de. The winner accepts this form of publication explicitly.
      Should for whatever reason the winner not claim their prize, then a new winner will be drawn.
    2. The prize presented to the winner may not be identical to the item description. There can be deviances regarding the model, colour etc.
    3. The merchandise prizes will be sent by Thomann GmbH or by one of its contracting delivery companies, per freight forwarder, courier or postal service to the postal address indicated by the winner.

      The delivery is free of charge. Only extra transport costs and customs/duties must be covered by the winner. In the case that the delivery has to be made through a freight forwarding company the freight forwarding company will contact the winner to arrange delivery timings.
    4. An exchange, cash alternative or replacement prize is not possible.
    5. The claim to the prize or replacement of the prize cannot be assigned to a third party.
  5. Data protection

    1. The participant accepts explicitly that Thomann GmbH saves all necessary data for the duration of the competition and forwards them exclusively for purposes related to the winning process to the respective cooperation partner, who is also permitted to save the personal data only for the duration of the competition. The participant is free to withdraw his entry at any time. Please direct the withdrawal to:

      Thomann GmbH
      to the data protection officer
      Hans-Thomann-Straße 1
      96138 Burgebrach, Germany
    2. Thomann GmbH is obliged to consider the regulations for data protection according to the Federal Data Protection Law (BDSG) valid at the conclusion of the competition. In this context the general data protection regulations under notes regarding data protection should be noted.
  6. Liability

    1. Thomann GmbH will be released from any obligations by handing out the prize.
    2. Thomann GmbH is not liable for the insolvency of a cooperation partner and the resulting consequences for the implementation and processing of the competition.
  7. Other

    1. Legal proceedings are barred.
    2. The law of the Federal Republic of Germany applies exclusively.
One of our Fans
Very happy with both products quick delivery and products in perfect condition will definitely buy from this company again.
S. P., 20.04.2018

MIDI Interfaces overview

Schoeps CMC54 Mono Set MK4 CMC5 Adam T5V Subpac M2X Marshall Origin 20C Combo Yamaha Stagepas 600BT Roland R-07 black RME ADI-2 DAC Focal Listen Professional Fender Squier Affinity P-Bass PJ ILBK Epiphone Richie Faulkner Flying V Yamaha Stagepas 400BT Fender SQ Affinity PJ Bass Pack BK 18
(1)
Recommended
Schoeps CMC54 Mono Set MK4 CMC5

Schoeps CMC54 Mono Set Limited Edition, high quality condenser small diaphragm microphone comprising CMC 5 mic preamp Refurbished (new housing and refurbished) and MK4 capsule (new) cardioid, specifications CMC 5: power consumption 4mA, 48V phantompower, max. output level 1V, length...

to the product
€985
(3)
Recommended
Adam T5V

Active Nearfield Monitor Equipped with: 5" woofer and 1.9" U-ART ribbon tweeter, 2x Class-D amplifiers: 50W RMS woofer, 20W RMS tweeter, Frequency range: 45 - 25000 Hz, Crossover frequency: 3 kHz, Maximum input level: 106 dB (1m/pair), Rear bass...

to the product
€169
Recommended
Subpac M2X

Subpac M2X, Mobile tactile bass system, SubPac adds real depth, connection and enjoyment to whatever you play through it - your music and media comes to life with the added dimension of physical bass. Frequency Response: 1hz-200hz, Wired Input: 3.5mm...

to the product
€385
Recommended
Marshall Origin 20C Combo

Tube combo amp for electric guitar Gain boost function, Two voicings (Normal, High Treble), which can be mixed steplessly via the tilt control, Switchable power reduction for full sound in any environment, 1 channel, Power: 20 watts, Preamp tubes:...

to the product
€649
Recommended
Yamaha Stagepas 600BT

Mini-PA System with Bluetooth Function Consisting of 2x passive 2-way boxes and 10-channel power mixers, Power mixers and speaker cables can be stored in the boxes for transportation, Successor of the Stagepas 600i, Including 2 speaker cables, each 6...

to the product
€799
(1)
Recommended
Roland R-07 black

Portable MP3 / WAV Recorder with Bluetooth Functionality Stereo recordings up to 24 Bit / 96 kHz in WAV format or up to 396 kbps in MP3 format on microSD / SDHC card, Built-in stereo microphone, Integrated hybrid limiter,...

to the product
€225
(3)
Recommended
RME ADI-2 DAC

High-end DA converter & headphone amplifier Sample rates: 44.1 kHz up to 768 kHz, Playback of DSD and Direct DSD, SteadyClock FS, LCD display with AutoDark function for lighting, Desktop Case, Dimensions: 215 x 52 x 150 mm, Weight:...

to the product
€999
Recommended
Focal Listen Professional

Headphones Closed, Circumaural, Conversion technology for acoustic transparency and dynamics, Impedance: 32 ohms, Sensitivity (@ 1 kHz - / 1 Vrms): 122 dB SPL, THD (THD, @ 1 kHz / 100 dB SPL): 0.3%, Frequency range: 5 Hz to...

to the product
€249
Recommended
Fender Squier Affinity P-Bass PJ ILBK

Electric Bass Affinity series, Body: Alder, Neck: Maple, Fretboard: Indian Laurel, Neck profile: "C", 20 Medium jumbo nut, Scale: Long scale, Nut width: 41.3 mm, Pickups: 1 Jazz and 1 Standard Split Precision single coil, 2 Volume and 1...

to the product
€229
(1)
Recommended
Epiphone Richie Faulkner Flying V

Electric Guitar Body and neck: Mahogany, Fretboard: Ebony, Neck profile: Thin C, 22 Jumbo frets, Scale: 628 mm, Pickups: Active EMG 57 (bridge) and EMG 66 (neck) humbucker, Floyd Rose 1000, Grover Rotomatic machine heads, Colour: Black, Incl. Deluxe...

to the product
€925
(1)
Recommended
Yamaha Stagepas 400BT

Mini-PA System Bluetooth Function Consisting of 2x passive 2-way boxes and 8-channel power mixers, Power mixers and speaker cables can be stored in the boxes for transportation, Successor of the Stagepas 400i, Including 2 speaker cables, each 6 m...

to the product
€555
Recommended
Fender SQ Affinity PJ Bass Pack BK 18

Fender Squier Affinity PJ Bass Pack BK bass guitar set with bass, rumble 15 amp, cable and strapt; bass guitar, poplar body, maple neck, indian laurel fretboard, 20 medium jumbo frets, nut width 41,3mm (1,625"), scale 864mm (34"), pickups 1x...

to the product
€269
Feedback Found an error or want to give us feedback about this page?

We're looking forward to hearing from you and aim to solve any problems as soon as we can.

Please leave a comment. Please enter your e-mail address.