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Sconosciuto su 08.04.2013

Online Guide Guitar Setups
Jazz-Setup

 

Most contemporary jazz players cross over into areas of jazz-rock or jazz-funk fusion, as well as requiring the basic jazz sound – we’ll look at covering all these areas:


Guitar

Almost all mainstream jazz players favour large-bodied semi-acoustic guitars equipped with a
HumbuckerA type of guitar pickup developed by Gibson in the 1950s, in which two single coils are connected in opposite phase in order to cancel noise. This also results in a distinctively different sound to a single coil pickup, generally thought to be fatter.
humbucker
at the neck (many of these are actually two-pickup guitars, but the
BridgeThe part of a guitar where the strings are fastened to the body. Vibrations from the strings are transmitted through the bridge to the body or soundboard of the guitar. 'Bridge' is also the name for a transitional piece of music connecting two parts of a song.
bridge
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
is rarely used). The Gibson ES-175, played by everyone from Wes Montgomery to Pat Metheny is considered by most to be the industry standard for warm, full tone. A slightly different, but very responsive sound can be obtained from a semi-acoustic equipped with a ‘floating pickup’ mounted on the end of the
FingerboardThe part of a stringed instrument against which the strings are pressed when playing. Usually called the fretboard on fretted instruments.
fretboard
, which is great for combining accuracy and speed with dynamics, in the manner of George Benson.

Jazz Guitar


Amp

Jazz players have always gone somewhat against the grain by embracing
TransistorAn electronic component which is the foundation of modern electronics, used to amplify and switch signals. As a discrete device, the transistor largely superseded the thermionic valve (tube) from the 1950s onwards; integrated circuits (commonly known as silicon chips) are essentially miniaturised arrays of thousands or even millions of transistors.
transistor
amps for their clean tone. A warm sound with plenty of low-mid and not too much treble is sought by most jazzers, and one company, Polytone, has dominated this field for years, producing compact and portable amps which offer plenty of power for most jazz situations.


Effects

Less is definitely more here – many players just plug in and go. The ‘straight’ jazz sound is really just the sound of a guitar and an
AmpereUnit of current; the amount of electricity flowing through a conductor. One Ampere is equal to the flow of 6.25x10^18 electrons through a conductor in one second.
amp
, but some slightly embellished versions are popular, notably Pat Metheny’s trick of using two amps with slight
DelayAn outboard unit used to create time dependent effects where a source signal is sampled/recorded and replayed later by a adjustable amount, either singly or in multiples. The amount of delay results in a range of effects from chorus and slap back to rhythmic echo. Also used for time correction in large PA systems.
delay
for a stereo
Chorus1) A delay-based effect that simulates the sound of a group of the same instruments. Regarded as a soft modulation, effect it can create rich textures through phasing and mixing of layers. 2) The part of a song that acts as a recurring theme or refrain.
chorus
effect. To the extent that jazz players cross over into other styles, the appropriate
EffectsGeneral term applied to audio processors for dynamics, time, ambience and equalisation whether in the form of 19" rack units, guitar floor pedals, or software plug-ins.
effects
will be borrowed from those styles, though in general, jazz-rock players favour warm ‘crunch’
DistortionIn most cases distortion is an undesirable alteration to a signal which occurs when a piece of equipment is driven with a input level that is too high for its operating level. Sometimes, as in the case of guitar distortion, this can be an intentional and desirable effect.
distortion
rather than ‘screaming’ lead sounds, preserving the guitar’s tone and retaining scope for dynamics.

Jazz-Setup

 

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