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Online Guide Pickups
Tonabnehmer Basics

 

Many different
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
designs were tried during the early history of the electric guitar, the most important being the simple ‘bar’
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
found on pre-war Gibson ES-series guitars.

Bar Pickup

This used a magnetic core consisting of a single blade spanning all six strings. The design was very largely superseded by the major
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
innovations of the Fifties, though a few
BarA fundamental unit of musical form consisting of a number of beats, usually 4 or 3, as defined by the time signature.
bar
models are still produced today, and original Gibson ES
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickups
are highly prized among jazz players seeking to recreate the sound of Charlie Christian, with whom they are generally associated.


Single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
Coil
vs Humbucker

Almost all
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickups
produced today can be classified as either ‘single coil’ or ‘humbucker’. Many companies contributed to the evolution of
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
design in the immediate post-war era, most notably Fender and Gibson, and it was soon discovered that a design with one magnetic pole per string, as opposed to a single
BarA fundamental unit of musical form consisting of a number of beats, usually 4 or 3, as defined by the time signature.
bar
, gave a much more musical response, and the modern single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
was born. The name reflects the fact that, though there are six pole pieces, they are all placed within a single copper
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
.

About half of all modern electric guitars still use this design. The most famous designs built around single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickups
, the Fender Telecaster and Stratocaster, sound the way they do primarily because of their single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickups
.

Single coil pickup

One problem inherent in the standard single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
design is its susceptibility to electromagnetic interference. Electrical appliances run on AC (alternating current) and often emit enough electromagnetic radiation to induce a
CurrentThe flow of electrons or charge in an electrical device, measured in amperes (amps); defined as the voltage applied divided by the resistance in the circuit.
current
in a guitar
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
. Single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickups
are noticeably prone to
HumUnwanted sound of a specific frequency constantly present in an audio signal, often caused by interference from AC mains power and therefore occurring at 50Hz or mathematically related frequencies.
hum
caused by electric lighting, as well as many other devices including guitar amplifiers themselves!

Single Coil and Humbucker

In 1955, Gibson introduced the
HumbuckerA type of guitar pickup developed by Gibson in the 1950s, in which two single coils are connected in opposite phase in order to cancel noise. This also results in a distinctively different sound to a single coil pickup, generally thought to be fatter.
humbucker
or hum-cancelling
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
, which is designed to reject electromagnetic interference by placing two
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coils
in opposite
PhaseIn audio and signal processing in general, phase describes the relationship between one or more signals and time. If two signals are identical but one is delayed by less than one complete wave cycle, the difference is described as a phase difference. This is normally expressed in degrees, with 360 representing a full wavelength.
phase
. Any
DistortionIn most cases distortion is an undesirable alteration to a signal which occurs when a piece of equipment is driven with a input level that is too high for its operating level. Sometimes, as in the case of guitar distortion, this can be an intentional and desirable effect.
noise
induced in one
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
will also be induced in the other, but the
PhaseIn audio and signal processing in general, phase describes the relationship between one or more signals and time. If two signals are identical but one is delayed by less than one complete wave cycle, the difference is described as a phase difference. This is normally expressed in degrees, with 360 representing a full wavelength.
phase
relationship of the
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coils
will cancel out the two
DistortionIn most cases distortion is an undesirable alteration to a signal which occurs when a piece of equipment is driven with a input level that is too high for its operating level. Sometimes, as in the case of guitar distortion, this can be an intentional and desirable effect.
noise
signals. As each
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
is placed at a different point along the same vibrating string, the two string signals are not identical, and therefore do not cancel out.

Humbucker pickup

Just as single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coils
are generally associated with Fender,
HumbuckerA type of guitar pickup developed by Gibson in the 1950s, in which two single coils are connected in opposite phase in order to cancel noise. This also results in a distinctively different sound to a single coil pickup, generally thought to be fatter.
humbuckers
tend to be associated with Gibson guitars, particularly the Les Paul and ES-335, though early Les Pauls actually used Gibson’s own P-90 single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
design. In addition to their cleaner signal,
HumbuckerA type of guitar pickup developed by Gibson in the 1950s, in which two single coils are connected in opposite phase in order to cancel noise. This also results in a distinctively different sound to a single coil pickup, generally thought to be fatter.
humbuckers
have a louder output than single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coils
, and so in the early days of rock, they were much better at producing
DistortionIn most cases distortion is an undesirable alteration to a signal which occurs when a piece of equipment is driven with a input level that is too high for its operating level. Sometimes, as in the case of guitar distortion, this can be an intentional and desirable effect.
distortion
, there being little in the way of
EffectsGeneral term applied to audio processors for dynamics, time, ambience and equalisation whether in the form of 19" rack units, guitar floor pedals, or software plug-ins.
effects
pedals to
BoostIn audio mixing this refers to increasing the gain or amplitude of an audio signal. Usually employed in equalisation.
boost
the signal before the
AmpereUnit of current; the amount of electricity flowing through a conductor. One Ampere is equal to the flow of 6.25x10^18 electrons through a conductor in one second.
amp
. Most of today’s rock and metal players use humbucker-equipped guitars.


The Best of Both - Single Coil/Humbucker Combinations

Though the standard Les Paul, Strat and Tele designs use either one
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
type or the other, many modern guitars combine at least one of each. A favourite of recent years is the so-called ‘superstrat’ combination, in which the
BridgeThe part of a guitar where the strings are fastened to the body. Vibrations from the strings are transmitted through the bridge to the body or soundboard of the guitar. 'Bridge' is also the name for a transitional piece of music connecting two parts of a song.
bridge
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
on a Strat-type guitar is replaced with a
HumbuckerA type of guitar pickup developed by Gibson in the 1950s, in which two single coils are connected in opposite phase in order to cancel noise. This also results in a distinctively different sound to a single coil pickup, generally thought to be fatter.
humbucker
(‘S-S-H’). This gives Strat players access to the screaming lead sound of a Les Paul
BridgeThe part of a guitar where the strings are fastened to the body. Vibrations from the strings are transmitted through the bridge to the body or soundboard of the guitar. 'Bridge' is also the name for a transitional piece of music connecting two parts of a song.
bridge
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
, while still maintaining some of their favourite single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
sounds for lighter musical moments. Another popular variant (‘H-S-H’) adds the sound of a
HumbuckerA type of guitar pickup developed by Gibson in the 1950s, in which two single coils are connected in opposite phase in order to cancel noise. This also results in a distinctively different sound to a single coil pickup, generally thought to be fatter.
humbucker
rhythm
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
at the neck - either of the
HumbuckerA type of guitar pickup developed by Gibson in the 1950s, in which two single coils are connected in opposite phase in order to cancel noise. This also results in a distinctively different sound to a single coil pickup, generally thought to be fatter.
humbuckers
can be mixed with the middle single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
PickupA device for converting sound into an electronic signal, usually by direct contact with the instrument body or by magnetic interaction with the strings, as opposed to a microphone which picks up sound vibrations in the air.
pickup
, again retaining access to much of the Strat’s traditional sonic palette.

 

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Contenuti:

[Contenuti] [Introduction] [Tonabnehmer Basics] [Pickup Replacement] [Active Pickups] [Fitting Procedure] [Humbuckers] [Single Coils] [Combinations] [Hotdeals] [Conclusion and Feedback]