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Online průvodci Thomann: Guitar Setups

3. Classic Rock Setup

There is a considerable overlap between blues and rock, both stylistically and sonically, so these two setups have a lot in common. The classic rock sounds we have come to know and love were created not just by the great guitar players, but by the pioneers of electric guitar and
AmplifierA device for increasing the power of a signal by taking power from a supply and shaping the output to match the input signal.
amplifier
design, so it’s no surprise that the big names – Fender, Gibson and Marshall – will dominate this article.

Guitar

For many, the choice of guitar for this very broad style is determined by a simple question - who do you want to sound like? The ‘big beasts’ of Seventies rock are all closely identified with their own particular choice of main instrument, from Page and Kossoff’s Les Pauls to Gilmour and Blackmore’s Strats. Before the advent of the hybrid designs popular with today’s metal players, output level played an important part in this decision - Gibson guitars were almost all equipped with
HumbuckerA type of guitar pickup developed by Gibson in the 1950s, in which two single coils are connected in opposite phase in order to cancel noise. This also results in a distinctively different sound to a single coil pickup, generally thought to be fatter.
humbuckers
, and their distortion-friendly higher output produced a bigger, heavier sound than the lower output of a Fender, especially in the days before the invention of the
Master1) The final version of an audio recording or album that has been prepared for release. 2) The physical medium on which this recording is stored or transferred, such as a glass master CD, CDR or vinyl master from which a production run will be replicated or pressed.
master
Volume1) In audio and music, the loudness or amplitude of a signal. 2) In computing, a fixed amount of storage space, addressed as a single entity ('C:', 'D:' etc). A physical drive may contain more than one volume, but a single volume may also span more than one drive!
volume
control. This pattern has persisted, even though modern
PreampAn amplifier device or circuit that provides initial amplification of a weak electronic signal, usually to 'line' level, in order for it to be processed or passed between other devices, as opposed to a power amp which amplifies a signal in order to drive loudspeakers. Examples include microphone preamps (as dedicated hardware and in mixing desks/recording interfaces) and guitar preamps. Most guitar amps combine the preamp and power amp in the same unit.
preamps
and FX pedals provide plenty of
TrimThe initial gain control on a mixer or other audio device such as a mic preamp, often labelled 'gain'. Trim/gain adjustment is crucial to maintaining a clean gain structure and good signal-to-noise ratio.
gain
for single
CoilA length of wire wound around a core to create an inductor or electromagnet. Used in electric guitar pickups where fine enamelled copper wire is wound a few thousand times around a magnetic core. Vibrating strings induce an alternating current in the coil as they modulate the magnetic flux.
coil
guitars. Most of the other successful guitar designs originating from the Fifties to the Seventies have found their way into ’classic’ rock, including the Telecaster (Keith Richards), Rickenbacker, ES-335 and SG. Supercharged designs with high-output
HumbuckerA type of guitar pickup developed by Gibson in the 1950s, in which two single coils are connected in opposite phase in order to cancel noise. This also results in a distinctively different sound to a single coil pickup, generally thought to be fatter.
humbuckers
are usually best left for heavier rock styles.

Amp

The central design goal of most guitar amps is to perform well in the style under discussion. Again, the choice is ultimately a matter of taste, and which particular ‘school of rock’ you draw inspiration from. If there is such a thing as an archetypal rock
AmpereUnit of current; the amount of electricity flowing through a conductor. One Ampere is equal to the flow of 6.25x10^18 electrons through a conductor in one second.
amp
, then it’s probably a 100W
ValveA device consisting of a glass tube from which air is removed, containing one or more electrical contacts operating at high temperature, which as the predecessor of the transistor, was essential to the development of electronics (particularly amplification) and is still favoured in guitar amplification and high-end hi-fi for its warm sound.
valve
head with a 4x12” speaker
CabinetThe housing for a loudspeaker, often abbreviated to "cab".
cab
, but even this class is rather broad. The classic rock sound is built on a warm and organic-sounding amount of
ValveA device consisting of a glass tube from which air is removed, containing one or more electrical contacts operating at high temperature, which as the predecessor of the transistor, was essential to the development of electronics (particularly amplification) and is still favoured in guitar amplification and high-end hi-fi for its warm sound.
valve
OverdriveA type of distortion pedal that aims to emulate an overdriven guitar preamp, rather than a straight distortion or fuzz pedal, and so retains more of the original guitar sound.
overdrive
that
DrawbarThe main controls in an electronic organ, derived from the stops on a church pipe organ which determine which pipes are used to create the sound. Drawbars (usually 9, as on a Hammond B3 organ) are 8-step volume faders that allow you to mix together sine wave of different frequencies.
stops
short of the ‘face-melting’
DistortionIn most cases distortion is an undesirable alteration to a signal which occurs when a piece of equipment is driven with a input level that is too high for its operating level. Sometimes, as in the case of guitar distortion, this can be an intentional and desirable effect.
distortion
of heavy metal - be aware that some amps are meant specifically for metal!

Both combos and stacks are valid choices here - stacks tend to provide a firmer bottom end which is great for chugging rhythm parts. Another consideration is that rock sounds are often described as being either British or American - almost all significant
AmpereUnit of current; the amount of electricity flowing through a conductor. One Ampere is equal to the flow of 6.25x10^18 electrons through a conductor in one second.
amp
manufacturers are located in one or other of these countries, and each side of the Atlantic brings a slightly different slant to the rock sound. For many players, the big names of mainstream
AmpereUnit of current; the amount of electricity flowing through a conductor. One Ampere is equal to the flow of 6.25x10^18 electrons through a conductor in one second.
amp
design are Marshall, Fender and Mesa-Boogie, but there are dozens of others vying for attention, and often producing excellent amps in the process.

Effects

Many classic rock sounds do not use any
EffectsGeneral term applied to audio processors for dynamics, time, ambience and equalisation whether in the form of 19" rack units, guitar floor pedals, or software plug-ins.
effects
at all, unless you count
OverdriveA type of distortion pedal that aims to emulate an overdriven guitar preamp, rather than a straight distortion or fuzz pedal, and so retains more of the original guitar sound.
overdrive
. If Free’s ‘All Right Now’ is your yardstick, then all you need is a Les Paul-type guitar and a Marshall
StackA form of guitar amplification, generally associated with rock music, in which the amplifier circuitry ('amp') is separate from (and usually placed on top of) one or more speaker cabinets ('cabs').
stack
. But most players have a few favourite effects-based sounds - these tend to be subtle flavourings rather than extreme treatments, and the main pedals in the Boss range for instance provide a very good guide to the possibilities here - phasing,
Chorus1) A delay-based effect that simulates the sound of a group of the same instruments. Regarded as a soft modulation, effect it can create rich textures through phasing and mixing of layers. 2) The part of a song that acts as a recurring theme or refrain.
chorus
and
FlangeA modulation effect originally produced by using synchronised tape machines with identical signals and slowing one machine down by pressing on the flange of one of the tape reels.
flanging
are probably the most common rock
EffectsGeneral term applied to audio processors for dynamics, time, ambience and equalisation whether in the form of 19" rack units, guitar floor pedals, or software plug-ins.
effects
, along with the perennially popular wah-wah pedal.

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